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高效完成Assignment从Commentary开始!

发表时间:2016-09-22 16:35:27

高效完成Assignment从Commentary开始!

新学期开始啦,不知道各位初到国外留学的小伙伴们已经适应了国外的学习生活了吗?是否已经打开了四年苦赶Assignment的大门了呢?如果你的教授已经给你布置了Assignment,那么这篇Assignment就为你的留学生涯埋下了苦难的伏笔。当你的教授给你布置了你一篇关于文学、关于电影、关于戏剧的Assignment的时候,作为留学新生小白的你知道如何写出一篇优质高效的Assignment吗?想要高效完成Assignment,那么首先请从Commentary开始,而不是Summary!此文中,Meeloun将为你分析Summary和Commentary,并向大家展示如何利用 commentary 和 summary 相结合使你的Assignment获得更好的分数。

Part 1: 首先搞清楚Summary 和 Commentary 之间的区别
      Summary 和 Commentary的区别主要有三个方面:
      ①> Summary 是比较简单明了的总结介绍要点
      ①> Commentary 是一系列的解释和说明,要更全面
      ②> Summary 主要停留在表面
      ②> Commentary 是挖掘写作对象深层次的东西
      ③> Summary 主要是已有内容的提炼和重复
      ③> Commentary 是原创的内容,原创自然是深得教授喜爱
      Summary的特征形式比较单一:当你阅读或者看完一篇文学作品、电影作品或者戏剧作品之后,然后提炼和重复写下这个作品的主要内容,这就是很标准的summary了,而 Commentary相比Summary形式更为多种多样,如下图:

summary writing

Part 2: Sample Essay

      当大家真正开始写作的时候,在写作影评讲述自己的观点和评论的同时,可以穿插着完成 Summary这件事,或者说,你在写作Summary的同时,可以穿插着完成 Commentary,从而完成整篇文章,这样就可以做到深入与表面、原创与提炼、全面与简洁的完美融合。下面就来看看应该怎么去这样做呢:


1. 首先要有一个明确的观点 (Opinion)
      首先,我可以在我的summary中插入一条我的观点主张,作用在于强调我的意见倾向,并帮助读者跟随我的整体思路阅读文章。
      In this clever and satirical scene from the 2004 movie Shaun of the Dead, Shaun (played by Simon Pegg) wakes up with a hangover and walks to the convenience store to buy a soda and an ice cream.

2. 其次要有一段简要的说明 (Interpretation)
      接下来,我会向的summary中插入一小段解释性的说明:
      In his hungover condition, he does not notice anything that is going on around him. This provides insight on how Shaun, like many of us, lives his day-to-day life, almost as a zombie himself, just going through the motions without noticing the world in which he lives.

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3. 然后可以插入些许的独特见解 (Insight)
      再下来,插入一些个人见解:
      On his way to the store, he walks by what appears to be zombies roaming the street. There is mayhem all around him, but this mayhem isn’t a far cry from Shaun’s daily reality. A car window is smashed and the alarm is blaring. Today it is from a zombie, but on a normal day, a regular thief could have smashed it. A person is running for his life away from zombies, but on a normal day, it could be a person running to catch the bus.

4. 接着加入恰当的个人反应 (Personal Reaction)
      另外,再向 summary 中插入一些我的个人反应:
      There are bloody handprints on the cooler, and the convenience store clerk is missing, which, along with the creepy music soundtrack, gives a sense of impending doom as the viewer watches Shaun obliviously bumble along.high quality essay writing service:www.lxws.net

5. 最后给出准确的意见评价 (Evaluation)
      最后,在 summary中插入我自己的个人评价和更多的意见见解:
      On his way home, Shaun passes even more zombies, including one who he mistakes for a homeless person. When the zombie approaches him, Shaun says, “No, I don’t have any change. I didn’t even have enough for the shop.” Incidents like these make this film the perfect satirical comedy about what it means to be alive in the 21st century. This is emphasized again when Shaun makes it home safely and turns on the TV, ignoring the news reports about the zombies. This brilliant satire points to the sad fact that a typical person’s life is already so horrible that a zombie apocalypse wouldn’t even mark a change for the worse.

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Part 3: 其它需要考虑的写作规则
      从上面你已经看到在现实中的 commentary 写作,不论是summary还是commentary还是两者贯穿写作都有一些同样重要的规则需要记住,比如:

规则1: 避免主观的短语
      即使在写作中的内容是个人见解和意见,但也需要在其中避免使用主观的语句,比如:“I hope”,“I believe”,或者“I think”等短语语句。这些口语化短语会使你的文章繁琐冗余,并且会在一定程度上降低你的可信度。

规则2: 保持 Commentary 和 Summary 比例 2:1
      在一般情况下,你应该提供两倍于背景事实描述的评论和意见。虽然 summary 对于呈现读者背景知识很重要,但 commentary 是写好一篇优秀 essay 的关键所在。

规则3: 不要去挑战教授的底线打破其写作规则
      在实际写作中,有时教授可能只希望你对某件事情给出意见观点;另一些时候,教授可能只希望你提供你对某件事的洞察和解释;还有一些时候,教授可能给你更多的自由空间进行独立写作。无论教授给出何种写作指导和要求,需要记住的是,严格按照教授的作业规则写作是最重要的。

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