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发表时间:2020-02-09 13:59:16








      01. Discuss the role of gender in bringing about the French Revolution.


      “discuss”意味着对话,通常是随意的,无方向的。然而,在一个assignment的背景下,discussion意味着需要完成一个既定和有目的的task:to construct an argument。在assignment中,"discuss"指对你所研究的一组论点进行广泛的论证。在上面的要求下,你可以执行以下操作:

     pointing to consistencies and inconsistencies in the evidence of gendered causes of the Revolution;

     raising the implications of these consistencies and/or inconsistencies (perhaps they suggest a limited role for gender as catalyst);

     evaluating different claims about the role of gender; and

     asking what is gained and what is lost by focusing on gendered symbols, icons and events.

     一个weak discussion essay,可能只是简单地列举了revolution的几个方面,包括the image of Liberty, the executions of the King and Marie Antoinette, the cry "Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite!",并分别发表评论。这样的文章不会提供原始论点,而是重述作业中提出的问题。

     而在一个strong discussion essay里,essay将超出对assignment写作问题的基本重述。你可能会测试正在讨论的革命性方面的异同。你可能会使用新的或出乎意料的证据,也许将只是在演讲中简短提及的有趣读物用作来源。

     02. Analyze two of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, including one not discussed in class, as literary works and in terms of sources/analogues.


     First, you need to divide the two tales into parts, elements, or features. You might start with a basic approach: looking at the beginning, middle, and end. These structural features of literary works—and of historical events and many other subjects of academic study—may seem simple or even simplistic, but they can yield surprising insights when examined closely.

     Alternatively, you might begin at a more complex level of analysis. For example, you might search for and distinguish between kinds of humor in the two tales and their sources in Boccaccio or the Roman de la Rose: banter, wordplay, bawdy jokes, pranks, burlesque, satire, etc.

     Second, you need to consider the two tales critically to arrive at some reward for having observed how the tales are made and where they came from (their sources/analogues). In the course of your essay, you might work your way to investigating Chaucer's broader attitude toward his sources, which alternates between playful variation and strict adherence. Your complex analysis of kinds of humor might reveal differing conceptions of masculine and feminine between Chaucer and his literary sources, or some other important cultural distinction.