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发表时间:2019-12-06 09:46:15 作者:zhouzhengmao 阅读:181次

      当留学生在写Assignment或其它类似学术文章时,一些日常对话和演讲中所用的词是不能用的。你应该尽量避免过于不正式的,过于简单的,模糊的, 夸大的,主观的以及其它一些没有必要使用的词。作为经验丰富的代写机构,本文Meeloun小编为大家整理了7类禁忌语,希望大家在写Assignment 的时候,这些一定要慎用。


      1. Too informal:   
      2.  Too unsophisticated
      3.  Too vague
      4.  Too exaggerated
      5.  Too subjective
      6.  Generally unnecessary
      7.  Generally incorrect   

      第一类:Too informal



      1. Isn’t, can’t, doesn’t, would’ve. The sample isn't....

      Alternative(改为): The sample is not.....

      2. The interviews were a bit difficult to schedule.

      Alternative: The interviews were somewhat difficult to schedule

      3. A lot of / a couple of studies

      Alternative(改为): (Many/several/a great number of/eight) studies

      4. The findings were kind of / sort of significant

      Alternative: The findings were (somewhat significant/  significant to some degree)

      5.From 2008 till 2012

       Alternative(改为): From 2008 (until/to) 2012

      6. You, your (i.e. the second-person point of view)

       Youcan clearly see the results

      Alternative(改为): One can clearly see the results. Or, the results can clearly be seen

      以上列举的只是部分非正式词,其它口语中常用的词也不是不够正式。为了避免其它非正式词的使用,可以多读学术性语言的文章,如雅思剑桥真题后面的考官范文或者国外英文论文。注意,平时我们听的speech, 电影美剧等的scripts不是学术性文字哦。

      特别强调: 为了让大脑很快自然反应用正式词,我们需要加入正式词的语音输入,因为你在写文章的时候一般都是先想到这些词的音的。因此,可以大声读出来标准学术段落,甚至可以背几个句几个段落。

       第二类,Too unsophisticated words 

       Some words should not be used because they do not have a scholarly feel. As utilising too many simple terms makes your writing feel elementary, substitute more sophisticated words when possible. It’s also better to replace phrasal verbs with their one-word alternatives

      太过于简单的词不能使用, 因为它们没有学术的feel。如果用太多这样的词,你的写作就感觉非常初级 (就像是小学生写的), 应该尽量用一些比较复杂老练的词来代替 (当然一定要用准确)。另外,写作中尽量用一个稍复杂的词来代替短语,这样学术feel更浓些。具体例子如下:

      1. A bad result

      Alternative(改为): A (poor/negative) result

      2. A big sample

      Alternative(改为): A (large/sizable) sample

      3. This model gets attention

      Alternative(改为): This model receives attention

      4. This chapter gives an overview 

      Alternative: This chapter (provides/offers/presents) an overview

      5.A good example

      Alternative(改为): A (useful/prime) example

      6. The below figure shows

      Alternative: The below figure (illustrates/ demonstrates/ reveals)
      第三类,Too vague  

      Using terms that are vague makes your writing imprecise and may cause people to interpret it in different ways. Avoid the below expressions and try to be as specific as possible.

      原: People are concerned about their stuff.

      改为: People are concerned about their (belongings, possessions, personal effects)

      原: The report presents many things

      改为: The report present many(details/findings/recommendations)

      第四类,Too exaggerated 

     Academic writing is usually unadorned and direct. Some adverbs of frequency (such as always and never), superlatives (which are terms that indicate something is of the highest degree, such as the best), and intensifiers (which are words that create emphasis, such as very) are often too dramatic. They may also not be accurate – you’re making a significant claim when you say something is perfect or never happens.

        These terms do sometimes add value, but try to use them sparingly.

      原: Perfect, best, worst, most, always, never (or any other superlative)  The perfect solution to the problem

      改: (An ideal solution/one of the best solutions) to the problem

      原: Very, extremely, really, too, so (or any other intensifier) This theory is extremely important

      改: This theory is (important/critical/crucial)

      第五类,Too subjective

     Some words and phrases reveal your own opinion or bias. For instance, if you state that something will obviously happen, you are actually indicating that you think the occurrence is obvious – not stating a fact. Expressing your opinion is usually only appropriate in certain sections of a thesis (namely the preface, acknowledgements, discussion, and reflection), so take care when using words and phrases such as those assignment writing service on 

      原: ugly, wonderful, horrible, good. The literature review included many good articles

      改: The literature review included many articles

      原: The participants naturally wanted to know

      改: The participants wanted to know

      原: The results obviouslyindicate

      改: The results indicate
      第六类,Generally unnecessary

    You should strive to make your academic writing as concise as possible. Avoid adding words and phrases that do not create meaning, even if you think they give your writing a more refined feel.

      原: This thesis has got four chapters

      改: This thesis has four chapters

      原: This chapter serves to explain

      改: This chapter explains

      第七类, Generally incorrect 

      It is not uncommon that words and phrases are used inappropriately, even by native speakers of a language. If you’re exposed to such mistakes often enough, you may start thinking they are correct – but it’s important that you don’t let them creep into your writing.

      You should also bear in mind that some of these mistakes relate to things we all frequently mishear (for instance, we often think the speaker is saying would of instead of would have).

      原: The students were literally dying to participate

      改: The students were (dying/very eager) to participate

      原: The study would of considered

      改: The study would have considered