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如何让学生提升写作技能6种方式

发表时间:2016-09-27 14:02:44

6 Ways To Improve Students’ Academic Writing Skills

写作时国外大学必备的一项技能,掌握好这个技能无论是写作还是生活的其他方面都将带来诸多便利。本文从教师的角度来描述提升学生写作能力的6中途径。如果您想要了解具体的英文写作技巧,则推荐阅读《英文论文写作结构和技巧(新手篇)》将快速带你进入英语写作的大门。

Writing is a complex skill which most students actually need in order to successfully go through college.  Because everything is based on writing during academic years, a student who possesses good writing skills will automatically do better at everything.  Exams, essays, assignments, and so on.

写作是一个复杂的技能,大多数学生实际需要为了成功通过大学。因为一切都是基于写作在学术年,一个学生拥有良好的写作技能会自动在一切做得更好。考试、论文、作业,等等。

As a teacher, your role is to help each and every student improve themselves, acquire new skills, and become a better individual by the end of their time spent in college.  What most teachers don’t actually realize is that they should be carrying way more responsibility when it comes to helping students improve their writing skills.

作为一名教师,你的角色是帮助每个学生提升自己,获得新的技能,成为一个更好的个人通过在大学里的时间。大多数教师没有意识到的是,他们应该承载更多的责任时,帮助学生提高他们的写作能力。

Even though one cannot improve their skills without working hard and having a desire to make progress, a teacher can definitely get involved and make huge differences concerning this matter.  In today’s article, we’ll talk about some important tips on how to motivate and instruct your students.  If you follow these tips, you’ll soon notice great improvements in your students’ writing skills.

如果没有欲望和努力的工作是很难提升学生的写作技能的。在今天的文章中,我们将讨论一些重要的技巧——如何激励和指导学生。如果你遵循这些提示,你很快就会掌握到的改善学生的写作能力的技巧

1.  Encourage Good Writing & Penalize Poor Writing

鼓励好的写作和惩罚差的写作

If you want performance, you must ask for it.  Some teachers expect good results, but they never do anything in order to motivate their students.  Stress the fact that good, thoughtful, and clear writing will be greatly rewarded.  Let your students know that bonus points will be available for those who make greater efforts to express themselves better on paper.

如果你想执行,你必须规定要求。一些老师期待好的结果,但是他们不会做任何事情为了激励学生。压力好,流畅和清晰的写作将会得到鼓励。让学生知道加分将对那些表达自己更好的在作业论文上做出更大努力。

On the other hand, let them understand that poor quality writing will bring the exact opposite results: penalizations.  So if an essay has good points and ideas, but the writing shows little effort, the grade will be lower.  Another thing you can do, is let them know that it’s perfectly fine if they start improving themselves using online sources.  To make it better, you can also recommend good quality resources such as essay writing guides or guides to grammar and writing.

另一方面,让他们明白,质量差的写作会带来相反的结果也就是惩罚。如果一篇文章有优点和想法,但写作显示没有花费精力,成绩会更低。反之,你可以做的另一件事,就是让他们知道这是非常好如果他们开始改善自己使用在线资源。为了让大家做的更好,你也可以推荐一些优质资源,比如论文写作指南或语法和写作指南等等,美伦论文网(www.lxws.net)可以找到很多此类的资源,比如:《dissertation写作指南

2.  Work On Your Student’s Mindset

影响你学生的心态

Sometimes, stating clear rules and expectations is just not enough.  It may not work for every student of yours. That’s why you should also take a “lighter” path.  What does that mean?  It means that you can use non-intrusive motivation techniques that will inspire your students instead of scaring them.

有时,规定明确的规则和期望是不够的。它可能不适合你的每个学生。这就是为什么你也应该采取“激励”的方法。这是什么意思呢?这意味着您可以使用旁敲侧击的技巧,来激励你的学生而不是吓唬他们。

For example, one way you can make them understand that writing is extremely important in their lives, and not only during college.  Give a few examples of individuals who have missed great life and career opportunities because of their poor writing skills.  You could also make them understand that writing will help them think better, connect things easier, and ultimately make their life easier in so many aspects.

例如,一个方法可以让他们明白写在他们的生活中是非常重要的,不仅在大学。给几个例子:谁错过了美好的生活和事业机会因为他们缺少的写作技巧。你也可以让他们更好地理解写作能力将帮助他们思考更容易、沟通更简单、最终他们在生活很多方面更便利。

英文写作练习

3.  A Lot of Practice Equals Better Performance

大量的练习更好的执行

Every human skill gets better with constant, repetitive practice.  In your case, you could easily make a small change in your classroom routine, and organize brief writing sessions each and every day.  Ask your students to write a relatively small amount of words on a specific subject every day.  It may be painful for them at first, but the more they write, the better their writing will get.

每个人的技能和不断好转,重复练习。在你的情况下,您可以很容易地在教室里做一个小变化,并组织简短写作课程每一天。问问你的学生相对少量的单词写在一个特定的主题。这对他们来说可能是痛苦的,但他们写的越多,他们的写作就会越好。

These brief writing sessions, combined with their home assignments and exams (most of which will require essay writing skills), will assure you that their writing is always practiced.  In this way, they will find it much easier to pull off better words, ideas, and content.

这些简短的写作课程,结合他们的家庭作业和考试(其中大部分需要写作技能),会向你保证,他们总是练习写作。通过这种方式,他们会发现更容易实现更好的词汇,想法,和内容。

Another good thing you can do is to diversify the writing topics and genres.  For example, during one class your students can write a non-fiction piece of content.  During another class, they can put their imaginations to work and do some novel writing.

你可以做另一件好事是写作主题和题材的多样化。例如,一类类学生可以写非小说的内容。而另一个类,他们可以发挥他们的想象力来进行一些新颖的写作。

4.  Provide Instructions Throughout the Writing Process

在整个写作过程提供指导

The moment you provide your students with a specific assignment, take a few moments and explain to them how they should go about it.  I’m talking about general and specific tips and tricks on how to approach a specific type of essay.  For example, you can emphasize the importance of creating clear and concise outlines before they start writing.

当你为你的学生提供一个特定的任务,花一些时间,向他们解释他们如何。我所说的一般和具体的提示和技巧如何处理特定类型的文章。例如,你可以强调创造的重要性,清晰和简洁的轮廓才开始写。

Another thing you can do is give them a starting point.  Show them some techniques that will save them time and energy.  By approaching them in this manner, and giving them more than enough in order to complete their assignments, they will just do better.  With time, they will significantly improve their writing skills.

另一件你能做的就是给他们一个起点。告诉他们一些技巧,可以节省他们的时间和精力。以这种方式接近他们,给他们足够多的为了完成他们的作业,他们只会做得更好。随着时间的推移,他们将大大提高他们的写作能力。

5.  Provide Helpful Feedback

提供有用的反馈

When it comes to improving writing skills—for everybody, not just for students—feedback plays a huge role during the process.  As a teacher, you have a great deal of knowledge compared to your fellow students.  They see you as a role model, especially if you’re the one who’s training them.

当谈到改善写作技术所有人,不仅对任何学生的过程中发挥了巨大的作用。作为一名教师,你有一个很大的知识相比,你的同学。他们视你为榜样,尤其是如果你是一个人的培训。

Your role as a teacher, besides the teaching, is to offer your students quality feedback.  Your feedback should contain specific tips and corrections for each and every student separately.  This way you’ll prove to them that you really care about them, and you’ll also let them know where they’ve specifically gone wrong.

你的角色作为一名教师,除了教学,提供学生质量的反馈。你的反馈应该包含特定的技巧和修正分别为每一个学生。这样你就会向他们证明你真的关心他们,也可以让他们知道他们具体哪里出了错。

阅读英文

6.  Have Your Students Read a Lot

你的学生读过很多吗?

Most successful writers are also keen readers.  Try to make your students understand the importance of everyday reading, and the link between reading and writing.  A good way to make it easier for them is to give them clear instructions and reading material.

最成功的作家也敏锐的读者。试着让你的学生了解日常阅读的重要性,阅读和写作之间的联系。一个好方法就是给他们明确的指示和阅读材料。

For example, you can give them a list of books/articles/essays, and offer them specific and clear indications of where to look when they start the reading process, how to study the sentences, the style, and so on.  In doing so, they will see great improvements when it comes to their word choice, sentences structure, and how the whole content will sound.

例如,你可以给他们一个书籍/文章/论文列表,并提供具体的和明确的迹象,当他们开始阅读的过程,如何研究句子,样式等等。在这一过程中,他们将获得很大的进步,包括:词的选择,句子结构,如何表达内容。

Conclusion

结论部分
Writing isn’t rocket science.  It’s a basic skill that can be practiced over and over again.  With your help, your students can become better and better as the time passes.  As mentioned earlier, you play a huge role in their education and in their skills development process.

写作并不是火箭科学。这是一个基本技能,可以练习一遍又一遍。有你的帮助,你的学生可以成为更好的和更好的随着时间的流逝。如前所述,您发挥巨大的作用是在他们的教育和他们的技能开发过程中。

The moment you decide that you want to take a bigger responsibility concerning your student’s writing aptitudes, you will be one step closer to what you want to achieve with them.  Try different types of motivation techniques and instructions, and observe what’s working best for your students.  You CAN truly make a difference, and you should!

当你决定你想要承担更大的责任关于你的学生的写作能力,你将你想要更近一步实现。尝试不同类型的积极的方法和说明,并观察什么工作最适合你的学生。你才能发挥你需要真正发挥作用!如果您想要获得实战的英文写作手法,可以参考这篇文章《essay和report格式和写作方法