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如何在research中更好的展示你的研究成果

发表时间:2016-09-26 14:11:29



研究型论文是目前比较难写的一类论文之一,主要由:引言、文献综述、分析方法、分析结果、讨论和结论部分。其中,最重要的是研究方法的论文,实验结果的分析。本文将主要介绍研究性论文的写作注意的一些问题,实验结果展示的一些方法。想要了解研究下论文essay的注意事项,推荐阅读:《research essay写作步骤详解及范文解析》以research report相关的《research report写作各个步骤常见错误解析》,相信对你的写作能提供不错的帮助。

The key to writing a successful research paper in any field of study is organization. From the initial investigations to the final conclusion, writers must accurately record all data and results in order to eventually illustrate their findings. While the exact format of these assignments may vary across disciplines, they share many features in common. For example, all research papers are composed of the following sections: Introduction, literature review, methodology, analysis, results (also called findings), discussion, and conclusion.

写一个成功的关键在任何组织的研究领域是研究论文。从最初的调查,最后的结论,作者必须准确地记录所有的数据和结果,以便最终说明了他们的发现。虽然这些作业的确切格式可能因学科而异,他们有许多相同的特点。例如,所有研究论文由以下部分构成:引言,文献综述,方法论述,分析结果(也称为发现),讨论和结论。

It is also important to note that the purpose of a researcher paper, no matter the field, is always to either to argue a point or analyze a perspective. To do so, authors must present their own thoughts on a subject and bolster them with ideas and information introduced by others. But to present this information in an effective and compelling way, the author must be organized. He or she must take it one step at a time and complete each section of the research paper in order build an argument or complete an evaluation. Today, we will discuss what may be the single most important section of any research paper, the results or findings section.

同样重要的是要注意,研究论文的目的,不管,总是认为一个点或者分析视角。为此,作者必须出示自己的思想在一个主题和支持他们的想法和信息介绍。但是现在这个信息在一个有效的和令人信服的方式,作者必须是有组织的。他或她必须一步一个脚印,完成研究论文的每个部分,为了建立一个参数或完成一个评估。今天,我们将讨论的最重要的部分可能是任何研究论文,结果或结果部分。

Purpose

Whether arguing a point or completing an evaluation, the results section is where you must present and illustrate your findings. It should not include interpretation or commentary, but rather a completely dispassionate account of the results.

是否认为一个点或者完成一个评价,结果部分就是你必须现在和说明你的发现。它不应该包括解释或评论,而是一个完全客观的结果。

Content

• Discuss findings in text form and illustrate them with figures and tables, if permitted.

•讨论结果以文本形式,说明数据表,如果允许的。

• For the text, explain results one by one, stressing those that are most relevant to your evaluation or argument.

•为文本,解释结果,强调那些与你最相关的评价或参数。

• When appropriate, provide a context that will help your readers see the connection between a specific question and an observation you made.

•在适当的时候,提供一个上下文,将帮助你的读者看到一个特定的问题和一个观察之间的联系。

• Review the results of any control experiments and note any observations that are not presented in attached tables or figures.

•审查任何控制实验的结果,注意观察不提出任何附加表或数字。

• Analyze all data, then present it in text, table, or figure form.

•分析所有数据,然后出现在文本、表或图的形式。

What to leave out

Many students who are new to research paper writing make the mistake of including far too much information in the results section. Here are a few things you should always avoid doing.

许多学生新的研究论文写作错误的结果部分中包括太多的信息。这里有几件事你应该避免。

• Do not interpret, evaluate, or offer any personal opinions about your results. In fact, don't try to explain anything in this section. That includes your reason for writing the paper and any superfluous background information.

•不解释、评估或提供任何个人的意见对你的结果。事实上,在本节不要试图解释什么。你们写论文和理由,包括任何多余的背景信息。

• Do not add any raw data or unfinished calculations to your paper, unless specifically requested by your instructor.

•不添加任何原始数据或未完成的计算你的论文,除非导师教授的要求。

• No matter how important it may be, do not repeat the same data more than once.

•不管它可能是多么的重要,不要多次添加重复相同的数据。

• When using figures and/or tables, do not repeat the same information they include in text form.

•使用数据和/或表时,不要重复相同的信息包含在文本形式。

• If your instructor asks for one but not the other, do not use figures and tables interchangeable. They are different!

•如果你的老师要求而不是其他人,不要使用数据和表互换,因为他们是不同的

Style

Because it merely describes all findings in a simple, straightforward way, the style guidelines for the results section are few. Nevertheless, they must be followed. Failure to do so will invariably result in a lower grade and confused comments from your instructor, who will almost certainly wonder how you botched such an uncomplicated section. Here are a few tips to ensure that that doesn't happen.

因为它都是要通过一个简单的,直接的方法来描述结果部分的风格指南。不过,他们必须遵循。未能这样做必然导致低品位和困惑的评论你的教练,你几乎肯定会想知道谁失败这样一个简单的部分。这里有一些提示,以确保这种情况不会发生。

• Always use the past tense when describing your results, and follow a simple, logical order.

•总是使用过去时态描述你的结果时,遵循一个简单的逻辑顺序。

• When referring to figures or tables in the text, always assign them numbers, i.e. , "figure 1," "figure 2," or "table 1," "table 2," and so on.

•在文本指的是数据或表时,总是分配数字,即。“图1”、“图2”或“表1”,“表2”,等等。

• Include all numbered figures and tables in order at the end of your research paper. Make sure you differentiate them from other data and information by properly labeling the section.

•包括所有编号的数据和表为了结束时,你的研究论文。确保你把他们区别于其他数据和信息通过适当标记的部分。

• If you have room, figures and tables may be placed alongside the text in the results section. Just make sure the format is reader-friendly and that the figures and tables do not overwhelm the text.

•如果你有房间,数据和表可能被放置在文本的结果部分。确保数据和表的格式和不压倒文本。

• No matter where you place them, all figures and tables must be properly labeled so that they can stand on their own without any additional information to explain them in the text.

•不管你在哪里的地方,所有的数据和表必须妥善标记,这样他们可以站在自己的没有任何额外的信息来解释他们的文本。

When to write it

Because the findings section reports what the analysis revealed, you can't start working on it until you have completed the analysis section. A purely descriptive section, the findings or results section should be easy to understand for you paper's intended audience. However, it may not be easy to write, especially when working in large groups.

因为发现部分报告的分析显示,你不能开始工作,直到你已经完成了分析部分。纯粹的描述性的部分,调查结果或部分应该容易理解你的目标受众。然而,它可能不容易写,尤其是在大型集团工作。

Who should write the results section?

When a research report has multiple authors, and many of them do, then different team members may work on the analysis and findings sections. The person who pens the finding section should know how results are reported in the given field. In most cases, the person who writes the results section is also the lead author of the paper. Why is this?

当有多个作者,一份研究报告,其中很多公司,然后不同的团队成员可能工作分析和结论部分。笔的人发现部分应该知道结果报道在给定的字段。在大多数情况下,写的人结果部分也是论文的主要作者。这是为什么呢?

As we mentioned earlier, the results section is arguably the most important part of any research paper. It is where an evaluation or argument generally fails or succeeds based on observable data. Without this section, the paper wouldn't be able to prove or disprove anything. It would simply describe a goal, but not provide evidence of its failure or achievement.

正如我们前面所提到的,结果部分可以说是任何研究报告最重要的部分。它就是一个评价参数通常失败或成功基于可观测的数据。没有这一节中,本文无法证明或反驳什么。它只会描述一个目标,但没有提供证据的失败或成就。

Citing your references

Most authors add citations after they have completed the results section, but you can also insert them as you write. Because numerous sources must be acknowledged in the section, it helps to have them organized before you start adding them. This should reduce the risk of leaving any of your sources out, which is considered a serious error in the academic community.

大多数作者添加引用后结果部分完成,但你也可以插入你写。因为众多的来源必须承认的部分,它可以帮助组织在你开始添加它们。这应该减少留下任何的风险来源,这被认为是一个严重的错误在学术社区。

One easy and effective way to organize the references for your research paper is to use bibliographic management software. These helpful programs store and save innumerable sources on files that can later be formatted according to the style guidelines you must follow. Several popular versions of the software are available online.

一个简单而有效的方式来组织您的研究论文的引用是使用书籍类目管理软件,这些有用的程序存储和节省无数的源文件,稍后可以格式化根据你必须遵循的格式指南,网上有几种流行的软件版本。