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英文论文写作过程中常见的12个错误(一)

发表时间:2016-01-26


一篇essay或者paper写好之后,还有一个重要的步骤就是修改。标点、句式、段落、语法等一个都不能少。小编今天就来给大家简单谈谈常见的英文论文修改步骤,当然,这些顺序可以变化,不过每一点都很重要,建议大家仔细阅读并掌握。

1.Sentence fragments

Sentence fragments Make sure each word group you have punctuated as a sentence contains a grammatically complete and independent thought that can stand alone as an acceptable sentence.

Incorrect

Tests of the Shroud of Turin have produced some curious findings. For example, the pollen of forty-eight plants native to Europe and the Middle East.

[2nd sentence = fragment]

Correct

Tests of the Shroud of Turin have produced some curious findings. For example, the cloth contains the pollen of forty-eight plants native to Europe and the Middle East.

Incorrect

Scientists report no human deaths due to excessive caffeine consumption. Although caffeine does cause convulsions and death in certain animals.

[2nd sentence = fragment]

Correct

Scientists report no human deaths due to excessive caffeine consumption, although caffeine does cause convulsions and death in certain animals.

This list includes only brief examples and explanations intended for you to use as reminders while you are editing your papers. If you would like to learn more, consider the following options:

  • Take one of the free grammar, style, and punctuation classes offered by the Writing Center.
  • Set up an appointment for an individual conference in the Writing Center.
  • Confer with your course instructor.
  • Consult a handbook for additional examples and complete explanations.

2. Sentence sprawl

Too many equally weighted phrases and clauses produce tiresome sentences.

Incorrect

The hearing was planned for Monday, December 2, but not all of the witnesses could be available, so it was rescheduled for the following Friday, and then all the witnesses could attend.

[There are no grammatical errors here, but the sprawling sentence does not communicate clearly and concisely.]

Correct

The hearing, which had been planned for Monday, December 2, was rescheduled for the following Friday so that all witnesses would be able to attend.

This list includes only brief examples and explanations intended for you to use as reminders while you are editing your papers. If you would like to learn more, consider the following options:

  • Take one of the free grammar, style, and punctuation classes offered by the Writing Center.
  • Set up an appointment for an individual conference in the Writing Center.
  • Confer with your course instructor.
  • Consult a handbook for additional examples and complete explanations.

3. Misplaced and dangling modifiers

Place modifiers near the words they describe; be sure the modified words actually appear in the sentence.Not sure what a modifier is? Check our our FAQ. Too many equally weighted phrases and clauses produce tiresome sentences.

Incorrect

When writing a proposal, an original task is set for research.

Correct

When writing a proposal, a scholar sets an original task for research.

Incorrect

Many tourists visit Arlington National Cemetery, where veterans and military personnel are buried every day from 9:00 a.m. until 5:00 p.m.

Correct

Every day from 9:00 a.m. until 5:00 p.m., many tourists visit Arlington National Cemetery, where veterans and military personnel are buried. Still unsure? For more explanation and examples, see our grammar and style FAQ.

For bad examples — and laughs — check out the best dangling and misplaced modifersof all time!

4. Faulty parallelism

Be sure you use grammatically equal sentence elements to express two or more matching ideas or items in a series.

Incorrect

The candidate's goals include winning the election, a national health program, and the educational system.

Correct

The candidate's goals include winning the election, enacting a national health program, and improving the educational system.

Incorrect

Some critics are not so much opposed to capital punishment as postponing it for so long.

Correct

Some critics are not so much opposed to capital punishment as they are to postponing it for so long.

(未完待续)