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代写英文论文丨10步写好英文论文摘要

发表时间:2015-09-30

代写英文论文丨10步写好英文论文摘要

在一篇英文论文中,导师最先看不是正文,不是结论,不是参考文献,而是摘要!由此可见摘要是一篇英文论文写作中非常重要的部分。因为摘要可以说就是浓缩版的整篇论文,它虽然不长,但是越要在为数不多的文字里简洁明了的描述文章的主要内容和陈述范围,用缩写的形式概括了了材料,这就是摘要为什么往往都是第一个被导师阅读的原因。摘要为论文奠定了基调,因此摘要就必须简洁易懂,同时覆盖文章的要点。如果你的摘要写得足够优秀,足够简洁易懂,就可以激发导师的阅读兴趣,增加你论文的影响力。如果是要刊登发表的话,高效的摘要可以提高你的论文被录用的机会,并且大量的研究表明:摘要写得不够好,英语使用不当,即使有很好的内容,这篇文章被录用概率也不高。

那么对于中国留学来说,又如何才能写好摘要呢?其实大家可以先不写摘要,待整篇英文文完成之后再对文章进行总结之后,再回头来写摘要。这样相信留学生们就会觉得简单很多。写摘要需要总结全文,并且提供尽可能多的新内容。

以下是美伦教育为大家盘点的关于如何写英文论文摘要的10个步骤,希望可以帮到大家:(还有英文版的哦)

Step1.确定主要目标和结论

Step2.用方法部分的关键字确定词组

Step3.从讨论部分或者结果部分确定主要的结果

Step4.把上述几个信息集成到一段里

Step5.在第一句话里说出你使用的假设或者方法

Step6.省略掉背景描述、文献综述和方法介绍

Step7.删掉多余的字或者词组

Step8.修改段落,使摘要只传递精华的信息

Step9.检查你写的摘要是否符合你要投递的期刊的要求

Step10. 把你的摘要拿给你的一个同学并且问他或者她是否能看懂。  

接下来就是英文版的写作步骤,以供大家参考。

An abstract is a condensed version of the manuscript, which highlights the major points covered, concisely describes its content and scope, and reviews its material in
abbreviated form. It is usually the first section read and sets the tone of the paper for the reviewer. It must be concise and easy to read and must cover the important points
of the paper.

Many publications have a required style for abstracts; the "Guidelines for Authors" provided by the publisher will provide specific instructions. Stay within the publisher’s
guidelines, or your manuscript might be rejected.

Writing an abstract involves summarizing a whole manuscript and providing as much new information as possible. The best way to write an effective abstract is to start with a
draft of the complete manuscript and follow these 10 steps:

1、 Identify the major objectives and conclusions.

2、Identify phrases with keywords in the methods section.

3、Identify the major results from the discussion or results section.

4、Assemble the above information into a single paragraph.

5、State your hypothesis or method used in the first sentence.

6、Omit background information, literature review, and detailed description of methods.

7、Remove extra words and phrases.

8、Revise the paragraph so that the abstract conveys only the essential information.

9、Check to see if it meets the guidelines of the targeted journal.

10、Give the abstract to a colleague (preferably one who is not familiar with your work) and ask him/her whether it makes sense.

Writing an effective abstract will improve the chances of your manuscript being accepted, encourage people to read it, and increase its impact.

A number of studies have indicated that a badly written manuscript with poor use of English, even with good science, has less chance of being accepted and published.