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如何写Thesis Statement for a Research Paper

发表时间:2015-09-16 15:58:55

如何写Thesis Statement

Thesis statement是一篇研究型论文的灵魂,它总结了整篇论文的中心思想,也给了读者一个清晰的文章脉络。所以有人说写好了thesis statement相当于论文就成功了一半。但是你知道写thesis statement需要注意哪几个要点吗?不同类型的thesis其statement也是有所差异的,下面我们就来给大家讲讲如何写Thesis Statement for a Research Paper!

Importance of the Thesis Statement

When it comes to research papers many students will tell you that the research topic is the most important aspect of the process, or perhaps that the research done is all that matters. Some are surprised to hear that it is the thesis statement that they need to focus on, and this explains the problem with so many research papers. Without a good thesis statement a paper does not have a true sense of purpose, and this is not a minor problem for a paper to have. A successful paper requires a clear thesis statement that guides the paper along, and if you are having trouble with this then your paper is in jeopardy.


Thesis statement is the central element of any academic paper. It summarizes the main ideas of the paper, gives a roadmap for the project and prepares readers for what will follow. At the same time, thesis statements for different types of papers are not the same. Here’s how to write a thesis statement for a research paper.

Step 1: Formulate Your Main Conclusion

Imagine you want to explain your best friend what your paper is about. You probably won’t give too much unnecessary detail. Instead, you will tell everything in simple words and just one sentence:

“Social interaction is important for personal development of adolescents.”

Step 2: Add Your Main Arguments

To prove your main point, you will need some weighty arguments. The main arguments that will be further developed in the project make your thesis statement more persuasive. Here’s what you may say in your paper on social activity of adolescents:

  • Communication with peers helps adolescents achieve the sense of belonging.
  • Social interaction improves adolescents’ self-esteem and communication skills.

Step 3: Consider Counterarguments

Think of your most skeptical reader. Imagine what s/he could say to ruin your best logical arguments. Show that you understand that the research question is not that easy as it seems.

“Sometimes communication with peers can have negative effects on adolescents.”

Step 4: Give a Plan for Your Paper

Combine everything you have by this step into a whole. Here’s a rather good example of a thesis statement for a research paper:

“Even though peers can sometimes have bad influence on adolescents, communicating with someone of their own age helps young people obtain the feeling of belonging, and social interaction as the central component of personal development improves their self-esteem.”

Step 5: Test It with the “So What” Question

The last but not least step to writing a good thesis statement for a research paper is checking whether it can leave readers indifferent and sleepy or not. Ask yourself whether someone can read your thesis statement and exclaim ‘so what?’ If yes, you’re doing it wrong. Revisit your thesis statement to add some controversy and counterarguments to it and improve its logic.

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