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thesis statement和topic sentences写作技巧

发表时间:2015-08-11

英文论文中,thesis statement和 topic sentences都是极其重要的两个部分,称之为主题句或中心句,不过很多同学分不清楚两者的区别和运用的条件,今天我们就来重点给大家介绍一下。

Thesis Statements主题论述

A good thesis statement represents the major point of argument an author is trying to make with his research paper. And from that thesis statement spurs the controlling idea, which guides the direction of the paper throughout its many developments, keeping it together. The purpose of writing a research paper, after all, is to effectively convince the reader that the thesis statement is valid.

一个好的中心句能够陈述作者论文的一个主要论点。中心句又能够反应主旨意思,贯穿文章,意思紧密关联。毕竟写文章的目的是说服读者文章的论点是成立的。

Any good thesis statement tends to follow these three criteria.

一个好的中心句会符合以下这三个条件

1. As research papers basically are very long arguments, it’s important to have your thesis statement be arguable rather than a simple statement of fact. This means that you have to give at least some credit to either side of the argument.  Because, if either side does not have at least some validity, how can it really be a good and worthy thesis statement?

由于研究论文通常都是长篇的议论文,你的中心句应该显得更加有辩论性而不是简单的陈述事实。这就意味着你至少应该对于论点任何一方的理由都考虑更加深刻。因为如果任何一方没有一点道理,那这样的中心论点又怎样会有价值呢?

2. Make sure that your thesis statements are focused, and limited enough in scope, so as to provide your research paper with the chance to develop sufficiently in depth before the end. Without depth any research paper will lose its ground and start to flounder. So be specific.

你要确定你的中心句是紧系主题的,而且不会太广泛,这样可以让文章在结束之前足够地深入说明。 没有深度的研究论文将失去它的本意并且开始偏题。所以要具体点。

3. Make sure each of your thesis statements link directly to the central idea or theme. This will help you not to stray from your main argument you are trying to make as your paper develops.

确保你的每一个中心句都直接与中心思想或者主题相联系。这会帮助你在文章内容发展的时候不会偏离你论述的主题。

Topic Sentences主题句

Topic sentences are much like thesis statements in that they both introduce and limit what is to come, but while thesis statements works to introduce the research paper, topic sentences work to introduce paragraphs. Each paragraph should start with a topic sentence because of how they serve to connect the following paragraph to the rest of the paper by developing the major argument suggested by the controlling idea of the thesis one step at a time。

主题句和中心句很相似,他们都引入后文并限制其发展,不同是中心句用来引入研究文章,而主题句是用来导入自然段的。每个自然段都应该以一个主题句开头因为他们的任务就是要联系后面的自然段与其他的文章内容,这是通过一步步地控制文章中心意思来发展主要论点的。

Well crafted topic sentences tend to follow these five criteria.

完美的主题句要满足以下五个条件

1. Good topic sentences tend to be the first sentence of a paragraph.

好的主题句会出现在段落的第一句

2. Good topic sentences link what is to come to the thesis statements and the controlling idea by using keywords and phrases.

好的主题句用关键词或者词组联系中心句并控制意思。

3. Good topic sentences tend to introduce the subject of the paragraph, telling the reader what will be discussed next.

好的主题句会引入段落主题,告诉读者下一步会讨论什么。

4. Good topic sentences sometimes link coming subject matter to previously discussed subject matter.
好的主题句会联系前后意思。

5. Good topic sentences indicate the direction an essay is taking by using signpost words such as "first," "second," or "finally."

好的主题句用“首先”,“其次”和“最后”等提示语来暗示文摘发展的方向。