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cause-and-effect essay写作结构和范文

发表时间:2015-07-13

cause-and-effect essay是因果类型的essay。雅思作文题比托福作文题更倾向因果关系的题型。这型的考题算是容易应付,写起承转合四段刚刚好。 一切从简单的构思开始,就不至于走样。主题为先,回答问题,就是主题。四段结构。内容分四段,前后连贯,不离主题的焦点。 

Outline of four paragraphs: three options A-B-C
四段的内容分配,个人自有主张。举例如下: 

Option A

1起. problem>introduction 问题》开头 

2承. cause>body 因》第二段 

3转. effect>body 果》第三段 

4合. solution>conclusion 解决》 结论 

Option B 

1. problem>introduction 开头谈问题 

2. effect>body 第二段谈果 

3. cause>body 第三段谈因 

4. solution>conclusion 结论 

Option C 

1. problem>introduction 开头谈问题 

2. cause and effect>body 因果 

3. cause and effect>body 因果 

4. solution>conclusion 结论谈解决 

举例:使用不同的四段模板。谈出国工作,又谈移民影响。因果题型,四段排列与组合。 

Two more IELTS writing topics are added to illustrate the ''cause and effect'' type. The same 4-paragraph format is applied. Please read Topic A and Topic B. 

Topic A 

Working and living abroad helps us to know other cultures well. How far you think working abroad has goood or ad impacts on our cultural lives? 

出国工作,居住他乡,会产生何种文化方面的影响? 

4 paragraphs--structure 结构 

1. cause>working abroad》因--出国工作 

2. effect>good impact》果--好 

3. effect>bad impact》果--坏 

4. solution> conclusion》结论 

4 paragraphs--structure 四段 

1. cause>working abroad》因--出国工作 

2. effect>bad impact》果--坏 

3. effect>good impact》果--好 

4. solution>conclusion》结论 

Topic B 

To what extent will migration from the developing world to the developed world become a social and political issue in the 21st century? 

在21世纪,开发中世界的人往已开发国家移民,是不是造成社会和政治方面的问题?
structure 四段 

1. cause>migration>introduction 因》移民 

2. effect>political impact>body 果》政治方面的影响 

3. effect>social impact>body 果》社会方面的影响 

4. solution>conclusion》结论 

structure 结构 

1. cause>migration>inroduction 因》移民 

2. effect>social impact>body 果》社会方面的影响 

3. effect>political impact 果》政治方面的影响 

4. solution>conclusion》结论

下面是一篇英汉对照的cause-and-effect essay 范文

This is a cause-and-effect essay about fast food – how it become so popular and what its effects have been.

这是一个因果文章篇关于快餐——为何快餐如此受欢迎以及他带来的影响

It uses 4 paragraphs and a 3-7-7-3 layout (three sentences in the introduction, seven in the causes paragraph, seven in the effects paragraph, and three in the conclusion).

它使用4段和3-7-7-3布局(三个句子介绍,七个原因段,七段的影响,和三个结论)。

Past:

In the past people in the United Arab Emirates used to eat healthy, freshly prepared food with their families in the home.

在过去人们在阿拉伯联合酋长国习惯吃健康,刚做好的食物与家人在家里。

Present:

Today however, many people, particularly young people, prefer to eat fast food such as hamburgers, fried chicken, shawarma, or pizza.

然而,今天许多人,特别是年轻人,更喜欢吃快餐,比如汉堡、炸鸡、饼、或披萨。

Thesis Sentence

There are many reasons why this change has occurred, but this essay will also outline the serious effects of this move towards fast food on individuals and society.

此变化发生的原因有很多,但是这篇文章还将概述的严重影响这对个人和社会走向快餐。

Causes: Topic Sentence:

There are many reasons for the popularity of fast food.

快餐的流行有很多原因。

Cause 1:

One of the main reasons is the change in lifestyle.

一个主要原因是生活方式的改变。

Example 1a

Many people in the UAE are working long hours, shifts, or extended school days.

许多人在阿联酋长时间工作,转变,或延长学校天。

They don't have time to find ingredients or prepare good food.

他们没有时间去找到成分或准备好的食物。

Example 1b

Women are now starting to work in the Emirates, and this can result in less time being available for preparing family meals.

女性现在在阿联酋工作,而这可能导致更少的时间被用于家庭餐做准备。

Cause 2:

Another cause is the huge number of young, affluent people in the United Arab Emirates.

另一个原因是大量的年轻,富裕的人在阿拉伯联合酋长国。

Example

The rapid development of the country has meant that young people, who comprise over 75% of the population, have money to spend.

国家的快速发展意味着年轻人,包括超过75%的人口,有钱花。

Cause 3:

A third reason is advertising.

第三个原因是广告。

Example

The UAE is a modern, free-market country, with all forms of media such as the Internet and satellite television, and people like to try new products and different kinds of fast food.

阿联酋是一个现代的、自由市场的国家,所有形式的媒体,如互联网和卫星电视,和人们喜欢尝试新产品和不同种类的快餐。

Effects

Topic Sentence:

However, this change in diet can have some serious effects.

然而,这种变化在饮食会有严重的影响。

Effect 1:

One effect is on health.

一个影响健康。

Example 1:

Many individuals in the UAE are becoming obese.

许多人在阿联酋正变得肥胖。

These people will be less productive and have conditions such as heart disease and diabetes.

这些人将会减少生产,心脏病和糖尿病等疾病。

Effect 2:

Another result of fast food culture is the loss of the family tradition of eating together.

快餐文化的另一个结果是一起吃饭的家庭传统的丧失。

Example 2:

Children and adults rarely eat together now, and thus get less opportunity to talk.

儿童和成人很少一起吃饭现在,从而得到更少的机会说话。

Effect 3:

A further effect is on the economy.

进一步对经济效果。

Example 3A:

Although fast food is not very expensive, it is more expensive than cooking properly for yourself.

虽然快餐不是很贵,它比做饭更贵为自己正确。

Example 3B:

Many of the fast-food companies are franchisees of foreign corporations, so profits leave the country.

许多快餐企业特许经营的外国企业,所以利润离开这个国家。

Conclusion:Summary:

In conclusion, fast food, although it is convenient and a tasty addition to a diet, can have serious health and social effects.

总之,快餐,尽管它是方便和美味的饮食,会有严重的健康和社会的影响。

Future statement:

未来的声明:

People should learn to choose fast food carefully and remember the pleasure of eating good food in good company.

人们应该学会仔细选择快餐,记住在好公司吃美食的乐趣。