您当前所在位置:首页 > 美伦资讯

科技英文论文该怎么写?详细教程

发表时间:2015-06-15

对于科学新人而言,科学的格式似乎很让人困惑,因为它结构死板并且和人文学科的写作有很大不同。使用科学格式的一个原因是它对于广大科学家群体而言是一个有效交流的统一的方式。此外,也许比第一点更重要的是,这种格式适用于各水平的读者。比如说,许多人不读题目来寻找主题里的信息。其他的人也许只读题目和摘要。想更深入了解的可能会看结果中的图表数据等等。这里的观点是科学是格式有助于保证不论任何水平的读者在读你的论文是他们都能得到主要的结果和总结。

Why a Scientific Format?

The scientific format may seem confusing for the beginning science writer due to its rigidstructure which is so different from writing in the humanities. One reason for using this format is that it is a means of efficiently communicating scientific findings to the broad community of scientists in a uniform manner. Another reason, perhaps more important than the first, is that this format allows the paper to be read at several different levels. For example, many people skim Titles to find out what information is available on a subject. Others may read only titles and Abstracts. Those wanting to go deeper may look at the Tables and Figures in the Results, and so on. The take home point here is that the scientific format helps to insure that at whatever level a person reads your paper (beyond title skimming), they will likely get the key results and conclusions.

The Sections of the Paper

Most journal-style scientific papers are subdivided into the following

This is the system we will use. This website describes the style, content, and format associated with each section.

The sections appear in a journal style paper in the following prescribed order:

Experimental process

Section of Paper

What did I do in a nutshell?

Abstract

What is the problem?

Introduction

How did I solve the problem?

Materials and Methods

What did I find out?

Results

What does it mean?

Discussion

Who helped me out?

Acknowledgments (optional)

Whose work did I refer to?

Literature Cited

Extra Information

Appendices (optional)

……

全文下载:科技论文写作教程(英文版)

Meeloun微信公众号