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土木工程英文论文写作词汇表

发表时间:2015-01-04 11:07:49

土木工程英文论文写作词汇表

土木工程专业出国留学的同学经常会遇到写一些英文论文,然而很多中国学生都对这些专业词汇不熟悉,也没有熟练的使用过。对于写英文论文来说,无论是什么专业的论文?积累专业词汇都非常重要,下面是关于土木工程专业英文论文写作常用的一些词汇,希望对大家有所帮助。

dial gauge 百分表

1/1000 mmLVDTs 千分表

Demec gauge 缝隙测量计

joist 工字钢梁

superposition 叠加原理

creep function/compliance 徐变函数

creep coefficient 徐变系数

aging coefficient 老化系数

low-relaxation steel 低松弛钢绞线

the derivative with respect to z of f(z,t*) 函数f(z,t*)关于z的微分

depend on time t 与时间t有关

soffit 楼板底面

the area, the first moment of area, and second moment of area of the concrete slab 面积,面积矩,惯性矩

the bottom fiber of the steel 钢梁下翼缘

the top fiber of the steel 钢梁上翼缘

flexural rigidity 抗弯刚度

air-cured 自然养护

transverse reinforcement 横向钢筋

mild steel reinforcement 光圆钢筋

铁路结合梁设计规定. 英文名称, Regulation for design on composite beam of railway

vertical displacement 竖向位移

strain at midspan 跨中应变

slips at the beam ends 梁端滑移

strain in tendons 预应力筋应变

the equilibrium of forces in the cross section and compatibility of deformation 截面内力平衡和变形协调

spring element 弹簧单元

shell element 壳单元

truss element 桁架单元

deviator 转向块

theoretical span length 计算跨度

tendon eccentricity 预应力筋偏心距

post-tensioning 后张拉

the age of concete 混凝土龄期

the cross section's plastic bending resistance 截面塑性抵抗矩

stress increment 应力增量

initial prestressing force 初始预应力

800 mm wide and100 mmthick concrete slab 800100厚的混凝土板

yield stress 屈服应力

ultimate stress 极限应力

the strand's cross-sectional area 钢绞线截面积

welding quality 焊接质量

cross-sectional area of stud shear connector, mm2 栓钉截面积

specified minimum tensile strength of a stud shear connector 栓钉最小抗拉强度

the principle of superposition 叠加原理

second-order effects 二次效应

fc' is the cylinder compressive strength of concrete 混凝土圆柱体抗压强度

bond reduction coefficient 粘结降低系数

Eq.(1) through Eq.(4) 公式(1)~公式(4)


elastic-perfectly plastic 理想弹塑性

layered approach 分层法

the virtual work principle 虚功原理 (the principle of virtual work)

in the light of 按照,根据

the unit vectors 单位向量

initial and final bending moment diagrams 初始和最终弯矩图

in the negative moment regions 负弯矩区

the member is subjected to sagging moment 试件承受正弯矩

the member be in hogging moment 试件承受负弯矩

two full-scale continuous composite beams tested for a period of 340 days 两根大尺度340d试验梁

rolled or fabricated I-section 轨制工字钢

top flange 上翼缘

sustained uniformly distributed loads 持续均布荷载

linear elastic 线弹性

in compression 受压区

in tension 受拉区

stress-strain relationship 应力应变关系

time interval 时间段

sth is defined as the ratio of the creep strain to the elastic strain 被定义为….….的比值

stress in the concrete 砼板中的应力

the foregoing analysis 前面的分析

the force method 力法

one-fold indeterminate beam 一次超静定梁

the redundant force冗余力

two-span continuous beam 两跨连续梁

external supports 边支座

unknown redundant reaction at the internal support 中支座上的冗余力

left-hand 左边

beams were loaded with …….梁承受荷载

beams were subjected to self weight loading 梁承受自重.

irrespective of 不管,无论

admissible displacement 允许位移

a suitable discretization of the time interval 对时间段微分

the application of prestressing force 预应力的施加

construction sequence 施工顺序

in the impending section 在接下来的部分中

failure mode 破坏模式

the least square method 最小二乘法

aging 老化

in combination with 结合…….

附件:土木工程专业英文论文词汇表.doc

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