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Research Paper 的APA 格式写作教程

发表时间:2014-12-03 11:01:32

research paper apa格式

Research Paper 的APA 格式写作攻略,这个为英文版的教程,很多同学表示看不懂,没关系,我们后面都与汉语注释.另外,我们为大家提供了APA格式写作教程图文版,小白必备,请移步文章末尾下载!

Keep accurate track of all books, journals and websites consulted during research.

The American Psychological Association (APA) Style Guide was developed for use primarily in the social sciences for both research papers and journal articles. The intent is to provide accurate references and citations without hindering the readability of the text and making it easier to type up or type set a manuscript. Numbered references to footnotes or end-notes have been eliminated in favor of in-text citations that identify the author and year of publication. The reference can then be located in the References at the end of the paper. In addition to this fundamental change, the APA style mandates an overall structure for a paper.

Instructions

Writing an APA Paper

1.Create the format of the paper by setting up the Title Page and required formatting options. The Title Page shows a heading, the title, the author's name and the author's institutional affiliation. The word processor should be set up to show a header with the title of the paper all in upper case letters, flush left and on the same line the page number flush right. Margins should be set to 1 inch on all sides and all text should be typed in Times Roman or a similar font at 11 or 12 point. All paragraphs should be double spaced.

2.Write the Abstract as a single paragraph of 150 to 250 words that summarizes the research. This should include the initial hypothesis, an outline of the data and its analysis, and a summary of conclusions. Further investigations and implications of the research should also be indicated. If appropriate, include a "Keyword" section at the bottom that lists keywords separated by commas.

3.Produce the main body of the paper's text. Reports of experimental results are the most frequent APA paper and they follow a standard format. The "Introduction" outlines the research problem and how the author decided to work with that problem. The "Method" outlines in detail how the experiment was run, including selecting the experimental population, the experimental treatments and the collection of data. The "Results" section reports on the before and after testing, if appropriate, and the data collected during the experiment. The "Discussion" section then considers the implications of the results, the statistical reliability of the results, and the overall conclusions that can be developed including further investigations.

Throughout this section, citations to other research should be noted by using the in-text citation methods outlined in the APA style guide. If the reference is to the work as a whole then author and year of publication is used --- for example, (Murrell, 2005). A direct quote is referenced by including the page number, as in (Murrell, 2005, p.17).

4.Create the References section, which records in alphabetical order by main author's last name all of the works used or referred to in the paper. The basic format is the same for all types of references. Write the author's last name followed by initials. Up to six authors will follow the same pattern of last name and initials. Next is the year of publication in brackets. The title of the book or article is written with only the first letter capitalized unless there are proper names. Book titles are italicized while articles are simply written (do not put quote marks around article titles). Next, write down the city and state, followed by a colon and then the publisher for the book. An article has the title of the Journal (which is italicized) followed by the volume (if there is an issue number as well, it is in brackets) and then just the page number. All citations end with a period. For example: Sample, M. (2010) The writer's guide to research papers. New York, NY: Hudson Press.

Tips & Warnings

Check a recent copy of target Journal for the paper. See if its submission requirements differ from standard APA protocols.

Use some kind of a database with the author's last name and the year of publication as the key records so it is easier to produce the final version of the References; even a spreadsheet will help with assembling the final product.
Reference citations longer than one line have the second and subsequent lines indented one-half inch; set up a "hanging indent" paragraph style in your word processor to get this right.

The initial publication run of the 6th Edition of the APA Style Manual had errors, but the APA site has web pages explaining the errors.

如何写研究论文APA格式



保持准确的记录所有的书籍,期刊和咨询的网站中的研究。

APA格式(了解留学生论文APA格式)的研究论文报告,主要用在社会科学的研究论文和期刊文章。目的是提供准确的参考和引用不会妨碍文本的可读性,使它更容易的类型或类型设置的手稿。引用脚注或尾注编号已被淘汰的文本引用,确定出版的作者和时间。然后参考可以位于在文末参考。除了这种根本性的变化,APA格式要求整体结构的论文。

写一篇APA格式的research paper

1.文章的格式设置网页标题和所要求的格式选项。标题页显示一个标题,标题,作者姓名、作者所属机构。字处理器设置应该显示一个大写字母的所有文件的标题头,左对齐在同一直线上的页码右对齐。边缘应设置为四周的1英寸和所有文本应键入罗马时代或在11或12点相似的字体。所有的段落应该双倍行距。

2.写摘要作为一个单一的段150至250个字总结研究。这应包括初始假设,数据并对其进行分析的概述,并总结性的结论。进一步的研究调查的影响也应显示。如果合适,包括";关键词:";底部列出由逗号分隔的关键字部分。

3.产生正文文本。实验结果报告是最常见的APA纸和他们遵循的标准格式。";介绍";概述了研究的问题,作者是如何决定这一问题的工作。";”方法;详细介绍了如何运行实验,包括选择实验种群,数据处理和采集实验。";结果";节报告之前和之后的测试,如果合适,和在实验过程中收集的数据。";讨论";段然后考虑结果的影响,对统计结果的可靠性,并可开发包括进一步调查的整体结论。

在本节中,引用其他研究应注意利用文本中引用的方法在APA风格指南。如果引用的是整个作品的作者和出版年份是---例如,(Murrell,2005)。直接引语是由包括页码引用,如(Murrell,2005,第17页)。

4.创建参考部分的记录,按字母顺序排列的主要作者姓名全部工程使用或参考文章。基本的格式是为所有类型的引用同一。写作者的姓氏的首字母缩写。高达六的作者将姓和名字的首字母相同的模式。接下来是括号里的年出版。本书或文章的标题写的是只有第一个字母大写除非有适当的名称。本书的标题是斜体,文章写得简单(不加引号在文章标题)。然后,写下的城市和国家,后跟一个冒号,然后该书出版商。一篇文章的杂志标题(这是斜体)其次是体积(如果有一个问题一样,这是在括号中),然后就页码。所有的引文结束一段。例如:样品,M.(2010)作者指南的研究论文。纽约,纽约:Hudson出版社。

检查目标杂志的最近的一份论文。看看它的提交要求不同于标准的APA协议。

使用某种数据库与作者的姓和出版年份为重点的记录,所以很容易产生参考文献的最终版本;甚至一个电子表格将帮助组装最终产品。

参考文献的引用到一线较长的第二和后续行缩进的二分之一英寸;建立一个";悬挂缩进的段落样式";在文字处理器来得到这个权利。

对APA格式手册第六版首次出版运行有错误,但APA网站网页解释了这个错误。

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下面是research paper写作格式文档:research paper常用格式  

APA格式research paper写作教程图文版:APA Style.pdf