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英语论文常见的写作模板(结构和句型)

发表时间:2014-11-27 11:38:21


留学生论文代写

      留学生论文其实不难,我们主要应该在于掌握论文的写作机构和技巧,以下是一些写作常用的句型,大家可以做一些参考。

      一、文章结构用词表达

      1、分点一:分层论证

      Basic to any understanding of the benefits we canget from_______ is that__________/ First and foremost;

      On one hand_________, On the other hand_________;

      Besides/ What’s more/ In addition;

      First of all/to begin with/above all;

      In the second place/in the second instance;

      Last but not least/in summary;

      这一段主要说理,在分论点里可以加一些小的例子细节,重点是要用一些精华句子!

      2、分点二:举例论证

      Further lending credence to my position isthat____________ (简单阐述/例子字不够就多讲点废话)

      /I can think of no better illustration than theexample of(典型例子)

      / A case in point is that(不是很典型)________,…..some expertpionts out that...

      /take ... in instance...

      /according to the investigation conducted this yearindicates that.../(推荐,为神马,因为句子长,废话多… …)

      some statistics expose that...

      一句话总结例子:As a result,强调句/倒装句/表利弊的句型/反面论证如果没有会怎样。

      3、让步段:

      Agree or disagree: Admittedly,_____,to some extent,may directly or indirectly ____ /has its undeniable detriments.

      For instance, _______

      However, the valuable merits of_______ considerablyovershadow the drawbacks/ on no account________./

      (经典正反对比结构)

      二选一:Admittedly, BB also has certain merits which deservesome words here. For example, ____(字数不够就多讲点)

      However,BB的缺点或AA也可以做到. Compared with AA,(which 可以总结所有优点或针对BB的一方面, )itpales.

      4、结尾段:

      Therefore, due to the above mentioned reasons, whichsometimes correlate with each other to form an organic whole and thus becomemore persuasive than any single one of them(字不够了用), I reinforce my stand point that...

      5、改写题目

      Only via(by/through /with/when/after) ___canwe__________;

      only via(by/through /with/when/after) ___canwe________;

      and only via(by/through /with/when/after)___canwe_______

      Or

      It is A that...;it is A that...;and it is A that...(不好写或显得累赘就不要了)

      二、语言结构用词表达

      1、基本句型

      A.因果

      On account of/owing to/due to+ N

      For the reason that/as/since+句子

      .It is due to____that

      eg:It is due to his persistence and perseverancethat he eventually reached his acme.(强调句)

      derive/arise/stem from来源于

      eg:His success derives from his persistence andperseverance.

      .scribe A to B 归结于

      eg: His success can be ascribed/attributed to hispersistence and perseverance.

      B.条件

      A serves as a catalyst for B(our further success)

      If/on condition that/provided that/as longas________

      C.让步

      Despite the fact that/regardless of

      2、经典句型

      A.倒装

      Only via(by/through /with/when/after) __do/did/canwe__

      eg: Only after going to the beach of Hawaii will Iknow aboutAmerican typical type of spending leisure time.

      Hardly/Seldom/Scarcely can__

      eg: Hardly can we imagine a world/our lifewithout/devoid of

      So +adj+主谓倒装+that__

      Not only 主谓倒装 but also...

      eg: Not only should education prepare children tocompete

      Not only do people care their economic needs,theybut also want to meet their spiritual needs.

      On no account 主谓倒装(决不....)

      B.强调

      It is/was....that/who(m)....

      限定性副词probably/directly or indirectly/to some(a large) extent

      3、经典中的经典

      A.排比

      1、Itis tourism that gives me the opportunity to know the culture of this dynamic,robust and alive country.

      2、Itis computers that make our life diverse,convenient,dynamic/ vibrant, withoutwhich our life would probably pale.

      3、A/whichneeds to be/In this way, A can be readily accepted, respected,appreciated andadvocated.

      4、Onlyvia university education can we have systematic knowledge concerning arts andscience.

      Only via university education can we know theessence of symbiosis and collaboration.

      And Only via university education can we meet thedemands of society and make our future success inevitable.

      三、作文中的部分新颖表达及部分垃圾词汇的替代

      作文中想要拿到高分,就必须有一些与众不同的词汇或表达方式,笔者在这里所说的“垃圾词汇”并没有贬低这些表达的意思,大家可以想象一个阅卷老师在阅几千份试卷的过程中就看到几千次相同表达,分数可想而知,所以如何取舍你懂的。

      A、认为(尽量避免的表达,以下例句同,不再重复说明:I think/I believe/As far as I am concerned)

      1.别人认为:assume, argue, contend, maitain, hold the perspective that…

      2.我认为: I am inclined to the view that…(开头引入自己观点)

      convinced that…

      I aware that… (比较弱)

      I cling to a belief that…

      B、不同人有不同看法(Different people have different opinions)

      People’sperspective diverge on this controversial issue.

      There is no consensus among people concerning thiscontroversial issue.

      C、举例(forexample/for instance/let me give you an example)

      1.A fitting/ telling/ apt/ striking example is that…

      2.A case in point is that…(口语常用)

      3.Further lending credence to my position is theexample of …(***倒装)

      4.This can be aptly/ well exemplified andillustrated by the case of+n.

      the fact that + 句子

      the following case

      5.I can think of no better illustration than theexample of…, who….(***最高级)

      6.When it comes to music talent, eminent individualsranging from Mozart to Beethvoen come immediately to me.(***此处也是细节)

      7.To illustrate this, we need no look further thanthe case of……(举例)

      8.Imagine/ Visualize/ Picture/ Suppose……

      D、迷恋,喜欢,上瘾(少用具体多用抽象)

      I am invariably fascinated/ captivated/ enchantedwith/ by…

      Hardly can I resist the temptation of sth.

      be obsessed with/by …

      E、数据引用

      Statistic figures show/ manifest that…

      .Many surveys/ investigations 显示 that 越来越多的 universities have 重视 the credit system, which peobably would       带来不好的呃影像.(中文从一下中选词)

      显示: manifest/ illustrate

      重视: place a great/ considerable emphasis on

      attach great importance to (不用换词)

      on no account can sb. ignore/ turn a blind eye tosth. (***倒装)

      越来越多的: a increasing number

      带来不好影: exercise an unpredictable/ unforseableconsequence(不好的结果都用这个) upon

      F、正反论证

      It is not difficult to imagine that if……

      It is modern technology that makes our life simple,healthy and dynamic/ vibrant/ fantastic/ active/ alive, without which our life wouldprobably pale.

      Hardly can I imagine the world without thefascination of…… which……

      G、然而(引出事物的反面)

      on the contrary/

      conversely/

      by contrast

      H、利弊及其影响

      利:merits/benefits/advantage

      弊:drawbacks/risks/disadvantage

      弊:

      exercise an unforseable and unprediactable/ adverse/unfavorable/ deleterious consequence on…

      undoubtedly and undeniably sound an alarm to sb.

      put a enormous pressure upon

      put a potential and probable threat on…

      adversely affect…

      undermine

      利:

      1. exercise a far-reaching influent on…

      2. …undoubtedly serves as a catalyst/enzyme for…

      3. play a(n)irreplaceable/crutial/indispensable rolein…

      4. lay a solid foudation for…

      四、垃圾词汇的替代

      1: help

      典型例句:I"ll help you 。

      替代语 accommodate/assist/ avail

      E.g: I"ll endeavour to accomodate you。

      2: helpful

      典型例句:Sth is helpful (to sb)

      替代语 conducive/ time-honored 时代赋予的/ do credit to our forbears 继承先辈的优秀传统/assisting

      E.g Sth is conducive to sb

      3: show

      典型例句:as it shows in the picture

      替代语 betray

      4: think

      典型例句: i think ---- ----

      替代语deem

      5: ugly

      典型例句: xxx is ugly

      替代语 hideous

      6: by the way

      典型例句: by the way,...。

      替代语 incidentally,...。

      7: because

      典型例句: xxx because xxx

      替代语 in that/in as much as E.g: xxx because xxx

      8: consider

      典型例句: We must consider xxx

      替代语 allow for E.g : We must allow for xxx

      9: much

      典型例句: there has been a much increase in the worldpopulation

      替代语 there has been a drastic increase in the -----

      10: about

      典型例句:it is about 250 times of that

      替代语 it is approximately ---

      11: buy

      替代语purchase