assignment主体写作分析和描述其实是有区别的。本文主要为你阐述assignment写作内容应该从标题与描述之间的区分。Analysis vs description: a basic distinction
One of the most important requirements when writing many assignments (depending on the title) is to be analytical, rather than just descriptive. If your assignment title begins with words like these: 'How far do you agree that...?', 'To what extent do you consider that..., or 'Evaluate the success of..., etc, this means that you will need to analyse the topic, as well as describe it.There will obviously be some description: an essay without some descriptive detail would quickly become unreadable! However, the reader will usually be looking for more than description, and if you are looking to cut down on word length, reducing some of the more lengthy descriptions and examples is a useful strategy to adopt.
A key point to remember, then, is that very few assignment titles at university level will require pure description, and most will test your skills of analysis in some capacity. So try to look for the critical point in the essay title.
Unfortunately, it is not very easy to explain exactly what 'being analytical' means. Many tutors say that students need to be more analytical, but saying precisely how to be more analytical (and by implication, more critical) is tricky! The following list is a starting point in helping to build up a picture of what is required in 'analysis'.
- Bringing out the importance of a given aspect of your reading (not just saying again what the writer says).
- Getting the overview/bigger picture, rather than describing an example or case in lots of detail.
- Picking out the key or central aspect of a piece of literature you are reading, rather than describing it from start to finish and 'telling the story'.
Evaluating (that is, indicating the strengths and weaknesses of) what you are discussing. This is the highest order skill in Bloom's taxonomy of learning (1976), which continues to influence much assessment practice in universities. It requires you to 'stand back' and observe the topic at greater length.
Comparing different theories to show what they have in common and how they differ (not just saying what the theories are).
Showing a range of different interpretations of a given fact, detail, opinion or item of literature.
Adopting the approach that no single theory is the correct one and that there are aspects of all theories that are worth retaining.
Looking for new questions, as well as answering old ones.
Avoiding simplistic and passive agreement with the assignment title.
Adopting a challenging approach to what you read - that is, not just accepting other people's word for it.
Showing how theories fit in with each other;
- Indicating different schools of thought, and developing your own perspective based on these.
- Recognising the limitations of your own perspective as a writer, and the inevitable impact that your own values and beliefs will have on how you express your opinions.
当然，我们将在下一篇 assignment内容写作分析中，给你一些建议。General advice for writing the main body of an assignment