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Essay Proofreading中常见的错句类型分析

发表时间:2019-06-26 09:04:38

      常说论文写作表达要简单流畅符合语法规范,可是,怎么判断哪些句子不对?怎么判断句子什么地方有问题?怎么把错误的地方改正?这时候就需要同学们多多实战练习了。这回Meeloun小编就来把12类常见的错句类型改正确。来帮助大家顺利做好Essay Proofreading,写作再也不怕被扣分!

essay proofreading
如何做好Essay Proofreading
      1.SENTENCE FRAGMENTS 不完整的句子

      标点符号可不能乱标,确保用逗号分隔的每一个片段,都有着独立完整的语法,单独作为一个句子也没问题。

      错误:Tests of the Shroud of Turin have produced some curious findings.For example,the pollen of forty-eight plants native to Europe and the Middle East.

      缺乏主语

      订正:Tests of the Shroud of Turin have produced some curious findings.For example,the cloth contains the pollen of forty-eight plants native to Europe and the Middle East.

      错误:Scientists report no human deaths due to excessive caffeine consumption.Although caffeine does cause convulsions and death in certain animals.

      标点符号不对,后半句不能作为一个完整的句子。

      订正:Scientists report no human deaths due to excessive caffeine consumption,although caffeine does cause convulsions and death in certain animals.

      2.SENTENCE SPRAWL 过于杂乱的句子

      第二种常见错误,在于太多同类词语堆砌导致句子看上去啰嗦复杂。

      错误:The hearing was planned for Monday,December 2,but not all of the witnesses could be available,so it was rescheduled for the following Friday,and then all the witnesses could attend.

      句子本身没有语法错误,但表述太过于混乱。

      原句表达的意思:听证会计划于12月2日星期一举行,但并非所有证人都可以参加,所以在下周五重新安排,然后所有证人都可以参加。

      其实只要说:计划于12月2日星期一举行的听证会将在下周五重新安排,以便所有证人都能参加。

      订正:The hearing,which had been planned for Monday,December 2,was rescheduled for the following Friday so that all witnesses would be able to attend.

      3.MISPLACED AND DANGLING MODIFIERS 不合时宜的修饰语

      修饰语自然应该在被修饰的对象附近,而不是跑偏了或者被修饰的对象压根就不再句子里。此外,不要乱添加不必要的修饰语。

      错误:When writing a proposal,an original task is set for research.

      订正:When writing a proposal,a scholar sets an original task for research.

      错误:Many tourists visit Arlington National Cemetery,where veterans and military personnel are buried every day from 9:00 a.m.until 5:00 p.m.

      正确:Every day from 9:00 a.m.until 5:00 p.m.,many tourists visit Arlington National Cemetery,where veterans and military personnel are buried.

      4.FAULTY PARALLELISM 错误的并列

      进行并列,也是要使用相同的语法构成。这一点我们都知道,但是在写的时候常常容易遗漏。

      错误:The candidate’s goals include winning the election,a national health program,and the educational system.

      赢得选举,国家健康项目和教育系统?

      订正:The candidate’s goals include winning the election,enacting a national health program,and improving the educational system.

      赢得选举,颁布国家健康计划以及改善教育体系。

      错误:Some critics are not so much opposed to capital punishment as postponing it for so long.

      订正:Some critics are not so much opposed to capital punishment as they are to postponing it for so long.

      5.UNCLEAR PRONOUN REFERENCE 指代不明

      莫名想到初到国外点餐,都是this,this,that,可惜写作不能指手画脚,那就只能明确的说“this is Hamburger.”在使用it,they,this,that,these,those,and which,这类的词的时候也一定要指代明确哦~而且代词代的是名词,不会有人搞错吧?

      不明确:Einstein was a brilliant mathematician.This is how he was able to explain the universe.

      爱因斯坦很聪明,爱因斯坦能够解读宇宙的原因?

      明确:Einstein,who was a brilliant mathematician,used his ability with numbers to explain the universe.

      不明确:Because Senator Martin is less interested in the environment than in economic development,he sometimes neglects it.

      到底忽略的是环境还是经济发展?

      明确:Because of his interest in economic development,Senator Martin sometimes neglects the environment.

      6.INCORRECT PRONOUN CASE 错误的代词使用

      请确定代词是否被用作句子中的主语,对象或所有格,并选择要匹配的代词形式。

      错误:Castro’s communist principles inevitably led to an ideological conflict between he and President Kennedy.

      正确:Castro’s communist principles inevitably led to an ideological conflict between him and President Kennedy.

      错误:Because strict constructionists recommend fidelity to the Constitution as written,no one objects more than them to judicial reinterpretation.

      正确:Because strict constructionists recommend fidelity to the Constitution as written,no one objects more than they[do]to judicial reinterpretation.

      7.OMITTED COMMAS 略掉的逗号

      逗号的作用是什么?使用逗号来标明非限制性或非必要的材料,以防止混淆,并指出想法和句子部分之间的关系。这才是逗号的正确使用。

      错误:When it comes to eating people differ in their tastes.

      正确:When it comes to eating,people differ in their tastes.

      错误:The Huns who were Mongolian invaded Gaul in 451.

      蒙古族的匈奴人在451年入侵了高卢。

      正确:The Huns,who were Mongolian,invaded Gaul in 451.

      匈奴人,是蒙古族的,他们在451年入侵了高卢。

      “谁是蒙古人”增加了信息,但没有改变句子的核心含义,因为匈奴人是蒙古人;因此,这个部分是非限制性的或非必要的。

      8.SUPERFLUOUS COMMAS 多余的逗号

      多余的,逗号,让句子,难以阅读,比如,我这句,就是。

      比较多余:Field trips are required,in several courses,such as,botany and geology.

      订正:Field trips are required in several courses,such as botany and geology.

      去掉多余的逗号

      比较多余:The term,“scientific illiteracy,”has become almost a cliche,in educational circles.

      订正:The term“scientific illiteracy”has become almost a cliche in educational circles.

      9.COMMA SPLICES 逗号的拼接

      不要用逗号连接两个独立的子句(除非你使用协调连词:and,or,but,for,nor,so,yet)遇到这种情况请使用句号或分号,或重写句子。

      逗号拼接:In 1952 Japan’s gross national product was one third that of France,by the late 1970s it was larger than the GNPs of France and Britain combined.

      订正:In 1952 Japan’s gross national product was one third that of France.By the late 1970s it was larger than the GNPs of France and Britain combined.

      逗号改句号

      逗号拼接:Diseased coronary arteries are often surgically bypassed,however half of all bypass grafts fail within ten years.

      订正:Diseased coronary arteries are often surgically bypassed;however,half of all bypass grafts fail within ten years.

      逗号改分号

      10.APOSTROPHE ERRORS 撇号的错误

      撇号表示名词的归属(“Jim’s hat,”“several years’work”),但不代表人称代词(its,your,their,and whose)。撇号也可表明缩写(“it’s”=“it is”)。通常,不用于表示复数。

      错误:In the current conflict its uncertain who’s borders their contesting.

      订正:In the current conflict it is[it’s]uncertain whose borders they are[they’re]contesting.

      错误:The Aztecs ritual’s of renewal increased in frequency over the course of time.

      订正:The Aztecs’rituals of renewal increased in frequency over the course of time.

      11.WORDS EASILY CONFUSED 容易混淆的词

      比如说:“Effect”经常做名词用(the effect),“affect”经常作为动词用。“lead”/”led”and“accept”/”except.”分的清吗?写作时,要认真检查哦!

      错误:The recession had a negative affect on sales.

      订正:The recession had a negative effect on sales.(or)The recession affected sales negatively.

      错误:The laboratory instructor chose not to offer detailed advise.

      订正:The laboratory instructor chose not to offer detailed advice.

      12.MISSPELLINGS 拼写错误

      这一点就很无奈了,有的时候一词错千里,还容易让看到的导师给低分,写作时常备词典,以防不时之需。对了,再给同学们分享一些proofreading注意事项和技巧:

      Essay proofreading有哪些注意事项?
      留学生英文写作中Proofreading的五个注意事项
      从这四个方面入手做好Essay Proofreading

      同学们光是完成了essay写作可不能直接交,Essay Proofreading真的很重要!不然如果你的essay里有严重的问题的话很容易被fail!语法润色,说到底是一个细致活儿!需要proofreading修改润色服务的同学可以扫描右边的二维码联系我们的客服哦!你只需动动鼠标,或者动动拇指,就能轻松解决各种留学的难题。留学咨询、留学申请、留学文书、材料翻译,我们的服务都是全年无休的,品质和效率都能满足您的需求。