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北美APA格式Essay代写引用书籍Reference写作教程

发表时间:2018-10-10

北美APA格式Essay代写引用书籍Reference写作教程
      我们中国留学生在北美留学期间遇到的最多的essay格式无非是APA,MLA以及Harvard Style. 很多新同学都不知道不同格式下的essay应该怎么写,纷纷选择了北美essay代写机构来为自己完成。鉴于我们留学生写essay引用最多来源是书籍,本文中我们就以APA格式为例较为详细的为大家分析使用书籍作为引用来源的时候in-text citation以及reference list写作教程,希望对大家有所帮助。

      要是使用APA格式时, 首先确认所使用资料的类型, 再依据下方对应格式进行编辑 。【需特别留意斜体 & 标点符号】

书籍(Print & Online)

      单作者(Single author)

      In-text citation

      Components: 
      (Author Surname, Year) 

      Examples: 
      The environmental aspects of… (Calder, 2009) 
      Calder (2009) states that … 

      Reference list

      Components: 
      Author Surname,Author Initial.(year).Title(Edition).Place of Publication:Publisher.

      Example:
      Calder,A.(2009).Compliance for green IT:A pocket guide.Ely,England:IT Governance.

      两位作者(Two authors)

      In-text citation

      Components: 
      (Author Surnames, Year) 

      Examples: 
      The research challenges…(Bernstein & Tiegerman, 1989) 
       Bernstein and Tiegerman (1989) have illustrated… 

      Reference list

      Components: 
      Author A Surname,Author A Initial.,& Author B Surnmane,Author B Initial.(year).Title(Edition).Place of Publication:Publisher.

      Example:
      Bernstein,D.K.,& Tiegerman,E.(1989).Language and communication disorders in children(2nd ed.).Columbus,OH:Merrill.

      三~五位作者(Three to five authors)

      In-text citation

      Components:
      (Author Surnames, Year) (first citation) 
      (First Author Surname et al., Year) (subsequent citation)

      Examples: 
      (Curwen, Palmer, & Ruddell, 2000) (first citation) 
      (Curwen et al., 2000) (subsequent citations)

      Reference list

      Components:
      Author A surname,Author A Initial.,Author B Surname,Author B Initial.,Author C Surname,Author C Initial.,Author D surname,Author D 
                 Initial.,& Author E Surname,Author E Initial.(Year).Title(Edition).Place of Publication:Publisher.

       Examples: 
       Curwen,b.,Palmer,S.,& Ruddell,P.(2000).Brief cognitive behaviour theeapy(Brief 
                   Therapies Series).London,England:Sage.

      六位以上作者(Six or more authors)

      In-text citation

      Components (six or more authors): 
      (First Author Surname et al., Year) 

      Examples:
      (Midgley et al., 2000) 
      Midgley et al. (2000) states that …

      Reference list

      Components (more than seven authors): 
      Author A surname,Author A Initial.,Author B Surname,Author B Initial.,Author C Surname,Author C Initial.,Author D surname,Author D 
                Initial.,& Author E Surname,Author E Initial.,Author F Surname,Author F Initial.,...Author(Last)Surname,Author(Last)Initial.
                (Year).Title(Edition).Place of Publication:Publisher.

       Examples:
      Midgley,C.,Marhr,M.l.,Hruda,L.,Anderman,E.M.,Freeman,K.E.,Gheen,M.,...Urdan,T.(2000).Manual for the patterns of adaptive learning 
                  scales(PALS).Ann Arbor:University of Michigan.