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Meeloun关于in-class essay结构范文分析

发表时间:2018-08-08

在美国的大学中,学生们都被要求写essay,分析问题,并且阐述自己的思想。有些essay是课后作业,有些甚至要当堂完成,也就是in-class essay。可见这种essay作业是美国的大学生的基本功,一定要掌握。今天Meeloun小编就找一篇这类的essay结构范文来给大家分析一下。

essay结构范文

通常而言,老师会给学生一个讨论题目,要求学生据此给出自己的观点,并且能够通过例证来支持自己的观点。

      那么,这些essay通常应该如何写呢?下文给出一个范例。在社会学的课堂上,老师要求学生在10-15分钟的时间内写一下领导的产生的原因。通常认为:领导产生于社会的需要或者人群的需要。对于这种观点,老师要求学生各抒己见。而有一位学生同意这个观点,就给出了下面这一篇essay。

      As is said in a famous old Chinese saying, “To lead means to direct, help, and achieve.”Actually,in the society, leaders are admired by others mainly because they organize ordinary people to achieve a common goal which is beneficial for the majority. In this aspect, I agree that leaders are elected because they can meet the demands placed on them, as is made evident from a series of historically famous events. In case if some leaders are not elected by people but are hereditary or obtain their positions from illegal ways, they will soon be punished and unseated out of their positions.

      评价
      第一段要明确给出自己的观点。这个学生的第一段的第一句话试图引用某种名人名言,并不知道这句话的出处是哪里,但是有个引用就会让文章增色一分。在该引用之后,学生给出自己的解释,使得引用的部分不至于太突兀或者是导致误解。

      之后,学生给出自己的观点,并且给出该观点的qualification,展现了思维的全面性

      No matter in the United States or in China, countless historical examples have already illustrated the generation of leaders out of people’s urgent demands. For example, in the eighteenth century, the burgeoning industry such as the shipbuilding industry in the northern part of the North America around New York had made American people unsatisfied with the unreasonable control over them by the British government. At that time, the calling for independence was growing ever stronger, thus making it necessary for the American people to fight against the Great Britain. In order to win this war, Americans extremely needed a leader, so Washington, with his strong aspiration for the independence of the North America and with his brave and optimistic attitude, was espoused to be the leader among American people. Clearly, Washington was not chosen because he was more handsome or smarter or richer than others, nor because he wanted to enjoy high social status and luxurious lifestyle. Actually, the leading position at that crucial time meant tons of heavy tasks for him to fulfill. He did his work, led to the establishment of the United States of America, and thus was respected by millions of people in this new country.

      评价
      学生主要依赖举证的方式来支持自己的观点。第一个例证是美国的独立史。在例子描述的过程中,尽量使用的是客观的说明性文字。事实上,对于此处,美国的要求是:年级越低,越鼓励表达自己的观点,用特征化的语言。而年级越高,越需要用客观公正的陈述型语气来阐述事实、讲道理。

      Actually,President Washington was not alone. In the establishment of the People’s Republic of China, Chairman Mao was also the key leader taking up the super challenging demands of owning land. In the early twentieth century, China was struggling in sheer poverty due to continuous wars among the dyingTsing Dynasty and the newly emerging armies. As a result, people couldn’t reside in one place for long,crops failed, and tens of thousands of Chinese starved to die. Therefore, the main social problem targeted on agriculture. In particular, majority of Chinese people were in urgent need of their own land. Only in this way could they be guaranteed security. However, during the intermittent wars, different army generals raised different ideologies, but only Mao Zedong raised the slogan of “making the peasants own their own land.” Apparently, he hit the bull’s eye, targeting precisely on the very social problem and thus winning the majority of Chinese people’s support and respect. As a result, he became the leader of Chinese Red Army, and eventually beat all other competitors to reunite China and to establish a new country. These two examples are about different countries, diffferent cultures, different ideologies, and different historical times, but a common rule is quite clear: whoever meeting the demands of people can finally be the influential leader.

      评价
      这一段和上一段一样举例。但是在结尾的时候对两段的例子做了一个共同性的总结

      Of course,in the modern China we also have some unqualified leaders who take their leading positions not because they want to fulfill some tasks of great concern but because they know “somebody” and bribe the higher and mighty. However,since they cannot meet people’s demands, it is very easy for their illegal doings to be exposed in the mass media such as TV news, newspaper reports, or blogs. Once exposed, their leading positions cannot last long. From this perspective, we can also predict with confidence that leaders should be generated from the demands put on their shoulders.

      评价
      这一段是一个让步段,要考虑到自己的主要论点的相反方,做到“换位思考”,从而让自己的言论更加的客观、全面

      In conclusion,to be a leader means to direct people going out of their difficulties or confusions, to help them realize their situations and themselves, and to achieve some common goals which will be beneficial to the people and even to the whole world.

      评价
      最后一段结尾升华,总结一下全文的观点和内容

      总结
      在美国的大学中,写作是很重要的一项任务。并且,不同的文体有不同的要求。同学们可以多看看其他的essay结构范文,多练才能够熟练掌握,不断进取。in-class essay跟其他类型的essay写作不一样,毕竟是实时的,随机性也很大,靠的是同学们的硬实力,找代写基本是不行的。所以同学们在平时可以多看看我们网站分享的写作干货哦!