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英文论文写作中常见的“want”该如何替换?

发表时间:2018-03-14 09:13:27

有的留学生在英文论文写作中,可能会有一种强烈的欲望,要表达出来:很多人“要”更好的工作、生活、教育、资源、机会...但是,“要”了这么多,却从来没有被满足。咳咳… 是从来都只想到了 want 这一个单词。今天就让我们把这个简单却滥用的小词给替换掉吧。例句散落在每个表达的后面。这次没有严格区分难易,大家按照自己的接受程度来决定吸收对象吧。

英文论文写作中常见的“want”该如何替换?

最老套表达

      want 想要

      Many students want to attend a prestigious university. 很多学生想要上知名大学。
      Children do not want to be seen as less intelligent than others. 小孩子不想被看作比别人笨。

      除了单纯表达“想要”,want 还有其他的一些延伸用法,在这里也汇总一下

      in want of sth 需要某事
      a want of sth 缺少、缺乏
      want rid of 想摆脱
      want for 缺少真正需要的东西
      customers’ wants and needs 客户需求

      Advertisers are extremely skilful at influencing people’s buying decisions and convincing them that their wants are in fact needs. 广告商极其擅长影响人们购买行为,让他们觉得自己想要的一定是自己需要的。

常规替换

      wish 想要、希望做某事

      Related courses should be designed for people wishing to update their skills.  相关课程应该为想要提升技能的人而设定。

      try to 尝试去要

      He’s trying to manipulate all the people around him. 他想要每个人都围着他的指挥棒转。

      ask for 要

      When we ask for more, cheaper food, we’re now asking for better environmentally friendly food. 当我们要更多,更便宜的食物,我们现在需要更优质,环境友好的视频。

      order dishes/ meals/ food 要了菜(点餐)

      ask 要求

      All the students are asked to complete aquestionnaire. 所有学生都被要求填一份调查表。

      incline (sb) to/ towards sth 使… 想要

      Lack of money inclines many young people towards crime. 缺钱使很多年轻人想要犯罪。
      His obvious sincerity inclined me to trust him.他满脸真诚,让我想要相信他。
      His love of books inclined him toward a literary career. 他对书的喜爱,让他想要从事文学事业。

      be inclined to do sth 倾向于做某事

      I’m inclined to go to the beach tomorrow if it doesn't rain. 我想去海滩,如果明天不下雨的话。
      Many young people are inclined toward volunteering. 很多年轻人想去做志愿服务

      be willing to/ show willingness to 愿意做

      Most recruitersare more willing to employ candidates with practical skills. 很多雇主想要(更愿意)雇佣有实践能力的员工。

      need 需要

      Food aid is urgently needed. 迫切需要事物援助。

      it takes … to … 要花 … 时间

      It takes time for one to become successful. 成功要花时间。

      call for 需要、呼吁

      This question call for careful consideration. 问题要仔细考虑
      Its findings call for long-term investment in social science. 研究结果呼吁对社会科学的长期投资。

      require 需要

      Experience is required in most jobs, but many university courses cannot provide this. 大多数工作需要经验,但很多大学课程不能提供这些。

正式表达(更适合写作)

      desire 渴望

      I have no desire to discuss the matter further. 我不想再谈某事。
      The medicine normally cannot achieve the desired effect without clinical trials. 没有临床试验,药物往往达不到想要的效果。
      The potent spirit of cooperation and the desire of all participants for success had sustained and increased the global momentum towards one day freeing humanity from the scourge of nuclear weapons. 强大的合作精神和所有参与者对成功的愿望,维持并加强国际动力,实现人类无核武器威胁的自由。

      expect 期待、指望

      Parents normally expect high standards from their children. / Parents expect all their children to be high achievers. 父母想要自己所有的孩子都大有所为。

      inclination 倾向、意愿

      Some children’s natural inclination is to imitate the behaviour of others. 有些孩子天生就想要模仿别人。
      a person with artistic inclinations. 想从事艺术的人

      request for sth/that … 正式的要求

      This is not a request born out of a desire to fit in. 这不是因为渴望融入某个群体而产生的要求。
      People should be requested not to smoke in the restaurant. 人们应该不被允许在餐厅吸烟。

      requisition 正式要求

      Agricultural experts recently sounded the alarm by calling on the government to requisition land for food production. 农业专家最近拉响警报,要求政府规划更多用地给食品生产。

      in pursuit of 追求、寻找

      Many people move to the countryside in pursuit of a tranquil life. 很多人想要安静的生活,于是从城市搬到农村。
      Some people believe that the pursuit of profit is immoral, because corporations often greedily externalize costs. 很多人认为追求利益并不道德,因为大多数企业都会贪婪地使成本外化(比如把问题转移到第三方或者环境)

      apply for 申请

      Most students apply for a higher degree in order to find a better career path. 很多学生想要更高的文凭,从而找到更好的职业发展路径。

      necessity 必要、必然;必需品

      Without a private car, living close to work is necessity.没有私家车,人们要住的离上班地方近一些。

      by necessity/ out of necessity 不得不,很有必要

      Without governmental loan or sponsorship, students from disadvantaged backgrounds may take part-time jobs out of necessity. 没有政府贷款和资助,家庭条件差的孩子不得不要去打工。
      Since social security coverage in many developing countries is limited, many older people have to work out of economic necessity, which is reflected in their significantly higher rates of employment. 社会福利在很多发展中国家并不普及,很多年长者出于经济考虑,不得不要工作,这个体现在他们极高的就业率上。

      cherish/ treasure/ appreciate 珍视、钟爱、感激

      Immigrants don't appreciate being treated like a second-class citizen. 移民者不想要自己被当作二等公民。

      非正式表达(更适合口语)

      fancy 做动词,想要;名词,想要的东西、爱好

      It was only a passing fancy. 心血来潮
      whenever the fancy takes you 无论何时想做某事时…

      dream 梦想

      Most people dream of success but seldom make efforts. 大多数人想要成功,却不去努力。

      care for 想要

      I don't care for any more coffee. 我不想要更多咖啡了。

      like 想要

      Despite everything, I would still like to think that people are basically good. 不论如何,我想要认为,人性本善。

      long for sth/ to do sth 渴望

      I’m longing to see you again. 我想要再次见到你。

      以上就是Meeloun小编给同学们分享的关于“want”的各种表达了,同学们可以根据自己的接受程度选择适合自己的表达哦!需要英文论文代写的同学可以联系我们的客服!美伦现旗下写手超过400名,海龟硕博占据50%以上,更多写手资源正在火热招募中。美伦以质量为根本,诚信服务,严格执行双重审稿与检测,保证每一篇稿子都是精心原创并符合学科的需求,保障了留学生论文作业的通过率。