It's not easy to write a text. You need time, ideas, language, and editing skills.
Writing is a process写作是一个过程
In order for our pupils to become successful writers we have to work on each of the steps with them, supporting them and showing them different ways of approaching each one.
Focus on the topic and the structure of the text
Reading is an important precursor to writing a text. Exposing the children to different text types and encouraging them to notice their features helps them when they write their own texts.
Generate ideas and choose what to use
Ways of generating ideas include:
- completing a table with given headings列出表格大纲
- adding headings to groups of words对散乱的想法进行分类
- answering generic questions about sample texts and then using them as prompts for further ideas先进行最基本的审题，在此基础上做进一步的拓展和延伸
- using a concept map as a way of organizing words associated with key words用概念地图组织单词，以关键词为中心发散思维
Once the pupils have put their ideas onto paper they can then select the ones they wish to include in their text. It is always better to have more ideas than you can use.
Model texts and first drafts范文与初稿
By giving the pupils model texts to work with, we are scaffolding their own writing. Such activities are an important step on the way to independent writing. The children can transfer information from tables, mind maps, notes and so on into a model text. This mimics the process they should follow when writing their own texts.
Once the children have worked on ways of generating ideas and done some activities with model texts, they can start to write their own texts following a clear set of instructions.
Reading with a critical eye批判性阅读
When they have a first draft it needs to be checked with a critical eye, which can be their own, their classmates’ or their teacher’s. It is important that they receive feedback on the content as well as the language. After all, the function of a piece of writing is to communicate with the reader. Give children a clear and simple set of criteria to look for when reading through their own or their peer’s work. When reading the children’s first drafts look for things that they will be able to correct themselves. You may want to correct the second draft more ruthlessly, especially if it is going to be published for a wider audience.
Writing is hard work, and it is a pity to spend a lot of time on writing a text only for it to disappear into a folder. Children’s work can be published in many different ways, for example: on the class noticeboard, on blogs and wikis, stapled together to make a class book for the reading corner or to take home to parents.