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Meeloun实例分析简洁在英文论文写作中的重要性

发表时间:2017-06-16

Meeloun实例分析简洁在英文论文写作中的重要性

我们一直跟大家强调英文写作一定要简洁,简洁才有力度。但是大家会觉得矛盾的问题在于很多论文作业都是有字数要求的,几百字到几万字不等,如果要尽量把文章精简是否会影响到文章字数呢?很多留学生在英文论文写作的时候都会有这样的问题:字数够了但是文章不够精简,或者文章足够精简但是字数却未能达到要求。想要解决这个问题需要大家对自己的论文题目有足够深刻的理解,论点论据都要做到有理有据等等多方面的因素,这些我们暂且不谈,我们今天用实例来为大家分析下在英文论文写作中如何去掉多余的单词实现简洁。

      Write concisely so that your writing is vigorous.
      上面这句话表达得不够简洁,原作者是这样说的:Vigorous writing is concise.
      一句话里不要有多余的词,一段话里不要有多余的句子,
      A sentence should contain no unnecessary words, a paragraph no unnecessary sentences, (第二个动词都省了,够简洁!)
      就像一幅画里不能有多余的线条,一台机器不能有多余的零件。
      for the same reason that a drawing should have no unnecessary lines and a machine no unnecessary parts. (第二个动词都省了,够简洁!)
      这倒不是说作者要把句子写得很短,或者只写大概内容,不描述细节,而是说每个单词都要有用。(就像一个单位,不能养吃闲饭的!)
      This requires not that the writer make all sentences short, or avoid all detail and treat subjects only in outline, but that every word tell.
      也许有人要问,make、avoid、treat和tell后面怎么不加s,主语不是单数第三人称writer吗?
      如果提出了这个问题说明语法学得不错,但是。。。没学到家。这里实际上是requires sb (should) do 的形式,这个should可以省略,类似的动词有:suggest, order, require, propose, demand, request, insist。
      很多常见的表达都违反了这个原则:
      the question as to whether
      可以精简为
      whether (the question whether)

      there is no doubt but that
      可以精简为
      no doubt (doubtless)

      used for fuel purposes
      可以精简为
      used for fuel

      he is a man who
      可以精简为
      he

      in a hasty manner
      可以精简为
      hastily

      this is a subject that
      可以精简为
      this subject

      Her story is a strange one.
      可以精简为
      Her story is strange.

      the reason why is that
      可以精简为
      because
      
      “The fact that”是常见的多余表达,应该从句子里剔除掉!
      owing to the fact that
      可以精简为
      since (because)

      in spite of the fact that
      可以精简为
      though (although)

      call your attention to the fact that
      可以精简为
      remind you (notify you)

      I was unaware of the fact that
      可以精简为
      I was unaware that (did not know)

      the fact that he had not succeeded
      可以精简为
      his failure

      the fact that I had arrived
      可以精简为
      my arrival

      Case, character, nature, who is, which was等表达也常常是多余的:
      In many cases, the rooms lacked air conditioning.
      可以精简为
      Many of the rooms lacked air conditioning.

      It has rarely been the case that any mistake has been made.
      可以精简为
      Few mistakes have been made.

      acts of a hostile character
      可以精简为
      hostile acts

      acts of a hostile nature
      可以精简为
      hostile acts

      His cousin, who is a member of the same firm
      可以精简为
      His cousin, a member of the same firm

      Trafalgar, which was Nelson's last battle
      可以精简为
      Trafalgar, Nelson's last battle

      主动语态比被动语态更简洁,肯定句式比否定句式更简洁。
      The active voice is more concise than the passive, and a positive statement more concise than a negative one.

      逐句堆砌来表达一个复杂的意思也常常会显得啰嗦,这时可以考虑进行句子合并。
      A common way to fall into wordiness is to present a single complex idea, step by step, in a series of sentences that might to advantage be combined into one.

      比如:
      Macbeth was very ambitious. This led him to wish to become king of Scotland. The witches told him that this wish of his would come true. The king of Scotland at this time was Duncan. Encouraged by his wife, Macbeth murdered Duncan. He was thus enabled to succeed Duncan as king. (51 words)
      可以精简为

      Encouraged by his wife, Macbeth achieved his ambition and realized the prediction of the witches by murdering Duncan and becoming king of Scotland in his place. (26 words)

      希望大家以后再进行英文论文写作的时候要注意去掉一些多余的词以此来实现精简达到优化文章质量的效果。Meeloun教育竭诚为海外各国留学生提供英文论文代写服务,代写科目超过70个,涵盖工、商、文、理、依、法等学术领域,按时交稿,超时赔付,支持1v1专席客服,担保交易,更加值得信赖!暑假首次写作下单优惠活动火热进行中,活动详情及咨询下单请联系网站客服。