留学生英文论文代写常用关系短语大全

zhouzhengmao 2015年09月08日 未命名 1847次阅读 查看评论

下面为留学生们在写英文论文的时候语法中常用的一些表示关系的短语做了一个整理,包括各种递进,转折,比较,并列等不同的关系短语都概括了。大家在以后的英文论文写作中可以多尝试一点其他的表达方法,不要用那些已经被用烂了的短语,那样论文的质量不仅不会好,而且还会适得其反。下面这些词大家可以变着法的用,国外的老师看到一定会感到新奇的。

1)表示强调关系:

in fact; especially;particularly特别,尤其;moreover(此外);naturally; what is more important;in reality事实上; certainly; of course; indeed; in particular;not to mention...;believe it or not;undeniably(无可置疑); other thing being equal;it is certain/sure that...;to be strict; to be true;by definition; definitely明确地,肯定地; undoubtedly; without a doubt; in truth, in any event(不论怎样); without reservation(毫无保留地); obviously, not only.. but(also...), both... and...

2)表示条件关系: 

if;unless; lest;provided that;if it is the case;in this sense;once...;if possible;if necessary;if so;if not all; if anything.

3) 表示表示转折关系:

but;even so;however;though;even though;independent of;reckless of不顾 ;despite that; in spite of that; regardless of不顾; yet...;

and yet but unless. Nonetheless尽管如此

4)表示顺序关系:

first; second; thirdly; next; then; at the outset(在开始时),following this; at this time; now; at this point; after; afterward后来; after this; subsequently后来; lastly最终; finally; consequently所以,因此; before this; previously; preceding this; simultaneously同时地; concurrently(同时发生的)

5) 表示(补充)递进关系:

 furthermore此外,而且;moreover而且,此外;further进一步地,此外;In this way ;still; not only...but also...; not...but...; in addition (to);additionally, much more interesting, more specifically更具体地说, next, besides; as far as... is concerned至于; moreover此外;in other words;

along this line of consideration;on (the) one hand...在一方面,on the other hand...; even; as a saying goes...;in order to do it...; meanwhile同时; at the same time; accordingly因此; In the first place...,in the second place...;equally important; of even greater appeal.

6) 表示比较关系:

 similarly; in like manner, in comparison with;when compared with;compared with;when in fact...; like...; likewise同样地,也; similarly important; apart from (doing)...; ... rather than...,by doing so ;both…and...; in the same way; not only...but (also).

7) 表示对照(不同点):

yet; still; for all of that; notwithstanding虽然,尽管; rather当然,的确,宁愿,相当; neither ... nor; although; though; but; however; something is just the other way around;yet; conversely相反的; unlike; opposed to; as opposed to this与不同 ; in contrast (to); by way of;on the contrary;different from this; nevertheless然而,不过,虽然如此; contrary to; whereas但是,鉴于; while;but on the other hand

8) 表示举例关系:

for example; for instance例如; in this case既然假若这样; namely也就是 instance例子实例换句话说; as you know; you may as/say; as he explains; like; such as; a case in point is一个恰当的例子是...; consider...; in particular尤其特别;including...;for one thing...首先,for another...;put it simply;stated roughly粗糙地,概略地; as an illustration, I will say...; a good example (of...)would be...;to detail this,I would like to...; It is interesting to note that...;in this situation; as proof; take the case of; take as example (something); as for; as regards; as to; according to; on this occasion.

9) 表示先后次序关系:

at this time; first; second; at last; next;previously; simultaneously同时地; eventually;last but not least;to begin with;to start with;to end with;

finally;seeing...由于,因为;since then;first of all;afterwards后来; following this; preceding先前的 ;originally最初的ultimate最终的,极限的,根本的

10) 表示因果关系: 

because;because of this;being that(口语)既然,因为;another important factor/reason of... ; since; as; for; in that...; owing to由于,通常负面;

 due to由于; for the reason that...;in view of鉴于,考虑到 result from归因于the reason seems to be obvious; there are about... ;for this reason; as a result of this; therefore;...and so...; consequently所以,因此;as a result; thus这样,如此,因而; hence因此; so;so that...; in consequence结果,结果; as a consequence;

 accordingly因此,于是,相应地; inevitably不可避免地; under these conditions thereupon因此于是upon迫近

11) 表示时间关系:

at once; immediately; at length终于,最后; in the mean time同时; meanwhile; at the same time; in the end; then; soon; not long after; later; at once; at last; finally; some time ago; at present; all of a sudden突然; from this time on; from time to time; since then; when; whenever; next point; a few minutes later; formerly; as; once; since; occasionally偶然地; in a moment; shortly立刻; whereupon于是,因此;

12) 表示地点关系:

beyond; opposite to; adjacent邻近 to; at the same place; there; over; in the middle; around; in front of; in the distance; farther; here and there; above; below; at the right; between; on this side.

13) 表示目的关系:

with this object无证; for this purpose; in order that; in this way, since; so that; on that account由于。。。缘故; in case万一; with a view to考虑到; for the same reason.

14) 表示重申关系:

in other words; that is to say; as I have said; again; once again.

15) 表示结果关系:

accordingly; thus; consequently(因此); hence; therefore; thereupon; inevitably; under these conditions; as a result; as a consequence; because; because of; so that; not only...but (also...); so... as to.

16) 表示并列关系:

 and; also;too;as well as;either...,or...;both...and...

17)表示归纳总结类: 

in a word / in sum / in shortin brief / in conclusion / in summary;therefore因此,所以 / hence因此,今后;to sum up / to conclude;the conclusion can be drawn that;

for this reason / on the whole;



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