如何写出高质量的论文?先问问自己这7个问题!

zhouzhengmao 2015年08月05日 未命名 1151次阅读 查看评论

留学生们要想写出高质量的论文,那么首先就要先问问自己这些问题,等找出这些问题的答案之后,相信留学生们都能够写出高质量的论文。

 

1. Why write a scientific paper?

l Advance Knowledge in your research field with evidence;

l Explain your ideas;

l Two key components in a research paper:

l  An explicit claim on your contribution on a research problem;

l Evidence to support your claim;

l Your contribution can possibly be a refutation of a hypothesis of the present problem.

2. What to claim for a scientific paper? 什么样的观点能够成为科学性论文论述的内容?

l Your technique solves a problem for the first time;

l Your technique performs better in the following aspects:

l Higher success rate 高成功率

l Coverage 覆盖率更高

l Efficiency 你的想法能够提高某问题的效率

l Usability 你的方法更容易让用户接受
      写文章切忌面面俱到!一个,至多两个切入点为好,要讲深讲透!


       3. Typical Structure of a Research Paper

l Title: Catchy and Indicative of your research contribution (吸引眼球并有意义)

文章题目越短,被接收的可能性反而越大

l Abstract: include the following items

l  A summary of the research problem;

l  Your claim;

l  The evidence;

l Introduction: include the following items (the most important part!)

l Motivation

l  A re-statement of Abstract

l  Significance (重要性)

l  An outline of the rest of the paper

l Related Work: 与你的论文问题相关的资料

l  A critical review 批判的眼光对待以前及现有的方法

l 强调你的创新点

l Problem Statement and algorithm design: explain your idea in detail

l Evaluation: Evidence to support the claim of your research contribution

除非能用理论证明你的观点,最好要有实验结果与数据

l Conclusion & Summary of the research contribution


       4. What to know before you write? 写论文前要知道些什么

l Assess the audience:给谁写

l Assess the purpose

l Read other people’s writing from the forums that you are targeting

要知道你的敌人是谁!看哪些人在做类似的工作

l Follow the rules


         5. 如何写高质量论文?

(1) Choose a promising topic 选题很重要

(2) How to present a convincing case?

l What exactly is the problem being solved? 你的文章解决什么问题

l How are your ideas significant?

l Is all related work referenced and reviewed?

l Comparative studies with previous work are needed.

l Has your system implemented? 文章提出解决问题的方法是否实现了

(3) In-Depth Analysis of Empirical Results

写清实验细节Enough details for your experiment settings

有没有其它的可能实验途径?alternatives

实验结果是否一致并有结论性?Are the results consistent & conclusive?

实验中重要参数调整与选择的方法和原因

实验结果与前言(introduction)动机是否一致

实验过程中好的结果加以学习,坏的结果记录下来让他人避免

(4) Introduction 前言

l 1/3-2/3 rule from reviewer’s perspective:

l 1/3 time to read your introduction & make a decision

l  2/3 time to find the evidence for decision

l A good introduction with a good motivation is half of your success!

l Include the following items:

研究的问题;动机;技术贡献;证据;重要性;文章概要Outline


        6. How to publish?

Reading and citing relevant paper from the premier forums! (must)

技术进步文章是主题文章,应用型文章必须要强调创新点(innovation)


         7. How to deal with feedback?

(1) How to deal with Handling Editors?

l Be polite, but to the point;

l Ask for a change, if a clearly biased or unfair case;

(2) How to deal with conflicting review reports?

l 杂志(Journal Submissions):Provide a point-by-point statement of change! 将每个审稿人修改意见列出,并说明所作的修改

l 会议(Conference)

(3) How to deal with “arrogant” and “ignorant” reviewers?

Provide a gentle statement for the “unreasonable” criticisms;

Try and resolve some of their comments 尽量按他们的意愿改

Your attitude to the reviewers is important! 修改稿可以再投


       8. 总结以上最重要的9点:

l 文章要有想法和证据;

l 切忌面面俱到

l 明确敌人是谁

l Choose a promising topic

l 实验数据前后是否一致

l 前言很重要

l 引论相关文章 premier forums

l 写详细修改报告

l 用宽容的态度对待审稿意见 

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