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英文report代写案例:1:1数字化学习和网络教育应用探究

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    本文将探究1随着时代的发展,手持式学习设备的普及,教育与学习发生的变革,带来的教育方向的转变。Papert 曾说过,当每个人都买得起一支铅笔时,学习方式将会随之改变。同时当每个人都真正拥有一台属于自己的便携、廉价、能通信和交互、并且具有强大情感感知能力的手持式网络学习设备时,我们的学习更会发生变革。“1:1 数字学习”正是在这一背景下产生的一种全新学习理念和方法,它能将世界变成人人有电脑、处处可上网、时时能学习的新时代,无疑会掀起现代教育技术发展的新浪潮,它引发的学习革命的新浪潮关键在于现代教育技术的转向:从教学技术转向学习技术。

    1:1 digital learning and network education application  【英文report代写欢迎联系我们客服专员】!

    Abstract: in the field of digital learning, mobile learning, the pan after learning, micro learning has produced a new learning concept and learning mode, which is "1:1 digital learning". The vast network educators need to carry out "research and popularization of 1:1 digital learning" in theory and practice, with the development of digital technology, network technology and portable personal terminal device and its application in network education to carry out exploration, will show more attractive application prospect of network education.

    关键词:“1:1 数字学习”;数字化学习;移动学习;远程教育;网络教育
    Keywords: "1:1 digital learning"; digital learning; mobile learning; distance education; network education

    Papert 曾说过,当每个人都买得起一支铅笔时,学习方式将会随之改变。同时当每个人都真正拥有一台属于自己的便携、廉价、能通信和交互、并且具有强大情感感知能力的手持式网络学习设备时,我们的学习更会发生变革。“1:1 数字学习”正是在这一背景下产生的一种全新学习理念和方法,它能将世界变成人人有电脑、处处可上网、时时能学习的新时代,无疑会掀起现代教育技术发展的新浪潮,它引发的学习革命的新浪潮关键在于现代教育技术的转向:从教学技术转向学习技术。
    Papert said, when everyone can afford to buy a pencil, learning styles will change. At the same time when everyone really have a portable, belongs to own cheap, interaction and communication, and has powerful emotion perception ability of handling online learning equipment, our study will change. "1:1 digital learning" is produced in this background a new learning concept and method, it will be a new era of the world into everyone has a computer, Internet, everywhere can often learn, will undoubtedly set off a new wave of the development of modern educational technology, the key new wave it triggered a revolution in learning to the modern education technology: steering learning technology from teaching technology.

    一、“1:1 数字学习”的内涵
    One, "1:1 digital learning" connotation

    “1:1 数字学习”起源全球一对一数字化学习(G1:1),即每个老师和学生至少都拥有一台数字化设备。其全称是one to one Technology Enhanced Learning,意思是学习者在不同的情景和环境中的1 对1 增强学习技术。“1:1 数字学习”是基于1:1 数字设备与环境的学习,相对于数字化学习、移动学习和泛在学习来说,是另外一种观察的角度,并不是完全独立的一种学习类型,是一种新的高度综合的学习方式和理念,是广义数字化学习的一个部分,是移动学习的高级发展阶段,与泛在学习有共通的理念、共同的关注研究领域。[1]
    "1:1 digital learning" origin of a global digital learning (G1:1), in which each student and teacher has at least one digital equipment. Its full name is one to one Technology Enhanced Learning, means to learn in different scenarios and environment in the 1 to 1 reinforcement learning technology. "1:1 digital learning" is the 1:1 digital equipment and environment based learning, relative to the digital learning, mobile learning and ubiquitous learning, is another point of view, a type of learning is not completely independent, is a new kind of highly integrated learning style and philosophy, is a part of the generalized digital learning, is the advanced stage of development of mobile learning, and ubiquitous learning is a common concept, the research field of common concern. [1]

    20世纪80年代国际数字教育运动开始,90年代随着互联网普及,数字教育了发展为数字化学习(e—learning);本世纪初随着无线网络技术发展,数字教育发展到了移动学习阶段,移动学习(m—learning)是移动计算与数字化学习的结合,它包括随时随地的非正式学习;在强调学习的泛在化与非正式学习理论,便出现了泛在学习(u—learning),其核心思想是创设一个无处不在的无线网络的计算设备及学习者构成的无缝学习环境。“1:1 数字学习”的出现,顺应了个人便携无线网络技术的飞速发展及其在全球范围内对学习者学习生活的广泛渗透的大趋势。“1:1 数字学习”旨在打造“无缝学习环境”,营造一个以学习者为中心使得学习真正成了一种生活方式,其最大的特点是泛在性和情境感知,泛在是指表面上学习无形,它们交织在日常生活中,无所不在,人们很难察觉出它们的存在;情境感知意味着能够从学习者的周围收集环境信息以及工具设备信息,并为学习者提供与情境地有关的学习活动和内容。“1:1 数字学习”较为成功的实践有:MIT 媒体实验室的100 美元笔记本电脑计划、英特尔的学友电脑计划、法国的电子书包项目、德国的笔记本大学项目、伦敦大学的混合移动学习解决方案等。
    International Digital Education Movement began in twentieth Century 80 time, 90 time with the popularization of Internet, digital education for the development of digital learning (E - learning); at the beginning of this century, with the development of wireless network technology, digital education to the development of mobile learning phase, mobile learning (M - Learning) is a combination of mobile computing and digital learning, which includes informal learning whenever and wherever possible; the emphasis on learning ubiquitous and informal learning theory, it appears the ubiquitous learning (U - learning), the core idea is composed of the wireless network to create a ubiquitous computing devices and the learner's seamless learning environment. "1:1 digital learning", the big trend of the rapid development of wireless network technology, extensive infiltration of personal portable and globally on learning of life. "1:1 digital learning" aims to build a "seamless learning environment", create a learner centered makes learning really become a way of life, its biggest characteristic is ubiquitous and context aware ubiquitous learning, refers to the invisible on the surface, they are interwoven in daily life, omnipresent, it is difficult to aware of their existence; situational awareness means that can collect environmental information, tools and equipment information from the surrounding of the learners, and provide relevant and context learning activities and content for learners. "1:1 digital learning" successful practice: the MIT Media Lab's $100 laptop computer program, the computer program, the French Intel Xueyou's ebook package project, German University, University of London project notebook hybrid mobile learning solutions etc..


    In two, 1:1 digital learning application in Network Education

    “1:1 数字学习”还处在研究与发展的早期,在我国还是一个新事物,在大规模实施之前首先要开展地区性项目实验与准实验研究,提出一整套实施方案,探索基于“1:1 数字学习”的中国发展之路。“1:1 数字学习”为无所不在的泛在学习提供可能,主张将正式学习与非正式学习相结合,将虚拟世界的学习与真实世界的学习相结合,将个体自主学习与合作协作学习相结合。关于“1:1 数字学习”在网络教育中较为成功的实践有:

  • "1:1 digital learning" is still in the early research and development, in our country is still a new thing, first of all to carry out the research area of experimental and quasi experimental project in large scale before the implementation, put forward a set of implementation plan, the exploration based on the "1:1 digital learning" the road of China's development. "1:1 digital learning" may be ubiquitous ubiquitous learning is provided, advocate formal learning combined with informal learning, virtual world learning with real world learning by combining individual autonomous learning combined with cooperative learning. On the "1:1 digital learning" is successful practice in network education:


  • 1.为网络教育开展基于短消息学习支持服务
    1 for the network education based on short message learning support service

    通过无线移动网络与互联网之间的通信完成教学活动和教学管理。基于短消息的数学学习除了提供话音服务外,还提供面向字符的短消息服务。通过短消息,不仅学习者之间,而且学习者与互联网服务器之间都可实现有限字符的传送。学习者通过手机等学习终端,将短信息发送到互联网教学服务器,教学服务器分析用户的短信息后转化成数据请求,并进行数据分析和处理,再发送给学习者手机,利用这一特点,可实现学生通过无线移动网络与互联网之间的通信来完成一定的教学活动。例如学生的一些比较简单或比较紧急的问题可以通过移动设备随时向老师提出,收到学生问题后会搜索数据库,如果有类似的问题被回答则自动将答案送给学生,没有类似的问题则由主管老师做出回答。解决了必须上课时或是在指定的时间到指定的地点才能答疑,还能布置作业、提交作业、批改作业,还能做类似查询作业提交情况、考试成绩、教学通知等教务管理工作。短消息所具有的随时随地性,适合网络教育的特点,在某些学习情境下具有比E-Mail 和WEB 更为优秀的表现。
    Through the communication between the wireless mobile network and the Internet to complete the teaching activities and teaching management. Short Message mathematics learning in addition to providing voice services based on service, also provides Short Message character oriented. Through the Short Message, not only between the learner, and learning transfer between the server and the Internet can achieve limited character. Learners through learning terminals such as mobile phone, short information is sent to the Internet Teaching server, teaching server analysis of short information of the user into the data request, and carries on the data analysis and processing, then sent to the learners' mobile phone, use this feature, enabling students to complete certain teaching activities through the communication between the wireless mobile networks and the internet. For example, students some relatively simple or more urgent problems can be through mobile devices at any time to put forward to the teacher, students will receive the problem to search the database, if a similar question answered is automatically answers to students, no similar issues from the head teacher answer. Must be resolved class or is in the specified time to the designated locations to answer, can submit homework, homework, homework correcting, can do a similar job submission, examination results query notification, teaching administration work. With the Short Message whenever and wherever possible, suitable for the characteristics of network education, has better performance than E-Mail and WEB in some learning environment.

  • "1:1 digital learning" is still in the early research and development, in our country is still a new thing, first of all to carry out the research area of experimental and quasi experimental project in large scale before the implementation, put forward a set of implementation plan, the exploration based on the "1:1 digital learning" the road of China's development. "1:1 digital learning" may be ubiquitous ubiquitous learning is provided, advocate formal learning combined with informal learning, virtual world learning with real world learning by combining individual autonomous learning combined with cooperative learning. On the "1:1 digital learning" is successful practice in network education:


  • 1.为网络教育开展基于短消息学习支持服务
    1 for the network education based on short message learning support service

    通过无线移动网络与互联网之间的通信完成教学活动和教学管理。基于短消息的数学学习除了提供话音服务外,还提供面向字符的短消息服务。通过短消息,不仅学习者之间,而且学习者与互联网服务器之间都可实现有限字符的传送。学习者通过手机等学习终端,将短信息发送到互联网教学服务器,教学服务器分析用户的短信息后转化成数据请求,并进行数据分析和处理,再发送给学习者手机,利用这一特点,可实现学生通过无线移动网络与互联网之间的通信来完成一定的教学活动。例如学生的一些比较简单或比较紧急的问题可以通过移动设备随时向老师提出,收到学生问题后会搜索数据库,如果有类似的问题被回答则自动将答案送给学生,没有类似的问题则由主管老师做出回答。解决了必须上课时或是在指定的时间到指定的地点才能答疑,还能布置作业、提交作业、批改作业,还能做类似查询作业提交情况、考试成绩、教学通知等教务管理工作。短消息所具有的随时随地性,适合网络教育的特点,在某些学习情境下具有比E-Mail 和WEB 更为优秀的表现。
    Through the communication between the wireless mobile network and the Internet to complete the teaching activities and teaching management. Short Message mathematics learning in addition to providing voice services based on service, also provides Short Message character oriented. Through the Short Message, not only between the learner, and learning transfer between the server and the Internet can achieve limited character. Learners through learning terminals such as mobile phone, short information is sent to the Internet Teaching server, teaching server analysis of short information of the user into the data request, and carries on the data analysis and processing, then sent to the learners' mobile phone, use this feature, enabling students to complete certain teaching activities through the communication between the wireless mobile networks and the internet. For example, students some relatively simple or more urgent problems can be through mobile devices at any time to put forward to the teacher, students will receive the problem to search the database, if a similar question answered is automatically answers to students, no similar issues from the head teacher answer. Must be resolved class or is in the specified time to the designated locations to answer, can submit homework, homework, homework correcting, can do a similar job submission, examination results query notification, teaching administration work. With the Short Message whenever and wherever possible, suitable for the characteristics of network education, has better performance than E-Mail and WEB in some learning environment.

    2.为网络教育开展基于连接浏览的数字学习
    2 for the network education development browser based on Digital Learning

    对于基于短消息的数字化学习,其数据通信呈间断性,不能实时连接,论文格式因而不能利用这种方式实现学习终端对学习网站的浏览,也就没法实现多媒体教学资源的传输和显示。学习者使用自己的学习终端经过电信的网关后接入互联网,通过WAP 协议访问教学服务器,进行浏览、查询和实时交互,类似于普通互联网用户,既可以传输文本还可传输图像。开展这种学习就要针对网络教育的体系结构建立WAP 教育站点,WAP 教育站点与普通站点相比在技术上没有太大的区别,不同之处在于应用于的目的和面向的对象,我们应在学习资源的建设上下功夫,着重选取贴近学习者生活和工作同时又较为时尚流行的主题作为学习内容。
    For digital learning based on short messages, the data communication is intermittent, not real-time connection, paper format and cannot use this way to realize learning terminal on the learning website browsing, transmission will not achieve the multimedia teaching resources and display. After training in telecommunication gateway access to the Internet using a learning terminal, access teaching server through the WAP protocol, browse, query and real-time interaction, similar to the general Internet users, which can transmit text can also transmit the image. To carry out this study to establish WAP site system according to the structure of education of network education, WAP education site compared with ordinary site not too big difference in technology, the difference is applied to the purpose and object oriented, we should be in the construction of learning resources efforts, focusing on selected close to the learners' life and work at the same time more fashion as the theme of learning content.

    3.为网络教育开展基于校园无线网络的数字学习
    3 for the network education of campus wireless network based on Digital Learning


    The campus wireless network based on digital learning is defined at local scope (such as a campus, a building, a learning area or a classroom) implementation of digital learning. From the progress of debate and product development between different 3G technology standard, a nationwide fully realize the connection for browsing digital learning estimation is a period of time, but the wireless local area network technology mature, can be used as a campus face-to-face education developing digital learning the most practical feasible way. For example the podcast (Podcasting) teaching makes the classroom teaching has been extended, with a pen recorder or iPod synchronous recording classroom recording file and converted into MP3 format documents posted online, for students to download to your computer, MP3 or mobile phone, to review the classroom learning or supplement the lecture notes.

    4.有大量支持网络学习者自主学习的学习资源
    4 a large number of support network learners autonomous learning resources

    例如图形计算器支持数学的探究式学习;语文学科用的电子词典;好记星和诺亚舟的学习机;外语学习资源网站(100e 网站);用移动电话、移动MSN、移动日志(Moblogging)开展基于“移动学习共同体”的社会性学习;自然科学和社会科学知识的探究式学习等。

  • For example, graphing calculator supports the inquiry learning of mathematics; electronic dictionary of Chinese subject for OZing and Noah; machine learning; foreign language learning resource site (100e site); used mobile phones, mobile MSN, mobile log (Moblogging) on "mobile learning community" social learning; natural science and social science knowledge inquiry learning.


  • 综上所述,“1:1 数字学习”能促进学习革命的新浪潮,促进现代教育技术由教学技术向学习技术的转向,必须加强国际合作交流,保持清醒头脑,以积极审慎的态度开展“1:1数字学习”的理论研究,还要深入到具体的学科与具体的学习领域中开展研究,重点开展“1:1 数字学习”的学习设计、学习评价、资源开发等,并不断总结。“1:1 数字学习”作为数字学习领域的前沿技术,使1:1 数字学习能够真正地带来网络教育教学上的创新,需要教育研究者、决策者、实践者等多方面的共同努力探索。随着便携无线网络技术发展,它在网络教育领域的作用会越来越大。
    To sum up, "1:1 digital learning" new wave can promote the learning revolution, promote modern education technology by teaching technology to learn the technology steering, must strengthen the international cooperation and exchange, to keep a clear mind, carry out the "theory of 1:1 digital learning in an active and prudent attitude, but also in-depth study to carry out specific subjects and specific the learning field, focus on" 1:1 digital learning learning design, learning evaluation, resource development, and constantly summarize. "1:1 digital learning" as a digital learning technology frontier, the 1:1 digital learning can really bring innovation network education teaching, need the joint efforts of education researchers, policymakers, practitioners and other aspects of exploration. With the rapid development of portable wireless network technology, its role in the field of network education will be more and more.

    参考文献:
    Ref.:

    [1]余胜泉。从知识传递到认知构建[J].中国电化教育,2007。
    [1] Yu Shengquan. From the knowledge transfer to the cognitive construction of [J]. Chinese audio-visual education, 2007.


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