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英文Essay写作常见错误总结

发表时间:2020-10-09

一篇Essay用语、结构、立意、细节等都可以影响老师对于这篇Essay印象。本文Meeloun论文网小编总结了一些英文Essay写作中容易出现也容易被忽视的错误,希望能够引起大家重视,在以后Essay写作中要避免这些错误。

英文Essay写作

The vs A/An
定冠词/不定冠词的使用
相信大家对这两类冠词已经有过了解,关于它们的使用方式也是老生常谈,但这样的小细节我们在写作时可能会粗心忽略,所以也有必要再复习复习。

Don't Use "a," "an," or "the" with a plural count noun when you mean "some of many things," "any," "in general." 

原句:However, technology played a bigger role ten years later as the National Defense Education Act began providing schools with technology. Now, more and more schools are merging technology with education, enhancing a student’s learning experience and providing an alternative way of learning.

建议:这里,“a student's learning experience”容易让人误解为只有一个学生的体验,所以可以改为复数:enhancing students' learning experience, 或用enhancing the student learning experience

原句:Second, technology in classrooms also help the teachers with their duties. The use of technology can help teachers with most of their repetitive works, thus increasing their efficiency.

建议:原句想表达的意思应该是课堂中的科技有助于老师们完成一些任务,而非特指某一群老师,所以可以去掉“the”改为:“help teachers with their duties”

a/an is used to modify non-specific or non-particular nouns. We often use “a” when we mention something for the first time, and then change to "the" when it is clear which thing we are talking about: 

原句:It was a dark night, in a cosy house with all curtains up. The television seems to be the only light late in the night.  

这一句话中用上了多个a和the,并且基本正确。第一句中,当不特指某个夜晚或房子时,可以用a。第二句中因是特指这个房中的电视,唯一的光线,及第二次提到“night”,所以用the。

一些常见的无需使用冠词的名词有以下几类:
语言和国籍:Chinese, English, Spanish, Russian (除非指某个国家的人,例如:"The Spanish are known for their warm hospitality.")
运动的名称:volleyball, hockey, baseball
学科的名称:mathematics, biology, history, computer science

Run-on Sentence
连写句

Run-on sentence是指两个独立的、完整的句子连接起来,而中间没有放置恰当的标点符号或连接词。这也是英文essay写作中常见的一种错误,需要多加注意。

原句:Many media claim that video game is one of the most major factor why the Violence in the US is sky soaring. But as a matter of fact it not at all seems to be true. Video games offers kid with fun instead of teaching them how to commit crime. I remember there was a time when I saw all those memes on a gaming page I liked, they were all about comparing the past war crimes to the contents of the not-at-all-invented video games.

建议:这句话中,前后明显有两个完整的句子,其中却用逗号连接,因此出现了run on sentence的错误。可以讲逗号改为句号。
我们也可以通过加入适当的连接词来纠正这种错误,如:

原句:My professor read my paper, she said it was well done.

建议:My professor read my paper, and she said it was well done.

Tense Consistency
统一时态

无论在narrative essay还是argument essay写作中,时态的统一都是很重要的。

写作中常涉及到讲故事,除了narrative essay,写argument essay时也会提到小故事或假定的场景。因此,文章中提到的不同事件可能有时间上的先后关系,动作完成的时间也不同。

一般来说,作者会选定并让整篇文章保持主要的时态,只在相对于主要时态(通常是一般现在时或一般过去时)有不同时才改变时态。因此,在非叙述型,也就是常见的议论、说明类型写作中,时态基本上是不会变化的。频繁变更时态可能会让文章表意不清,造成读者的困惑。 
时态使用的原则:

1. Do not shift from one tense to another if the time frame for each action or state is the same. Do shift tense to indicate a change in time frame from one action or state to another.
如果动作发生在同一时间段,不要变化时态;如果动作发生在不同时间段,则需要变化时态。

2. Establish a primary tense for the main discourse, and use occasional shifts to other tenses to indicate changes in time frame. Controlling shifts in a paragraph or essay

先为整篇文章确定一个主要的时态,保持整篇的时态统一,只在需要变化时用不同的时态。尽量控制在段落和文章中时态的转换。

以上就是Meeloun论文网小编为大家整理的关于在英文Essay写作中三个比较常见的错误,如果有任何Essay写作困难,欢迎选择meeloun论文网Essay代写服务,原创保证,通过保障,欢迎咨询。