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Essay Format写作有哪些格式解析?

发表时间:2020-06-01

        不知道留学生们有没有遇到过Essay太多的情况,这种情况想必大家都非常头疼。单单是Essay Format都不知道该怎么处理,Bibliography/Reference又该怎么写?要怎么才能做到不被扣Format分?下面就给大家讲解一下。

essay写作
留学essay写作

        Essay Format


        对于所有的Academic Essay

        来说格式都基本相同。

        字号:12-point font size

        字体:Times New Roman

        行距:double-spaced

        另外,对于Arts科目来说,字数限制也十分重要。部分科目会将in-text citation或者footnotes也算入字数中,具体需以每科的Assignment要求为准。

        The length of the paper should be XXXX words(+/-10%).The penalty(5-point deduction)will apply to a paper which is outside this range.

        再者,Plagiarism对于Essay来说至关重要!每一篇Essay都会经过Turnitin系统检查内容相似率。因此citation的必要性就不言而喻了。

        APA style?Harvard system?

        Chicago?Or MLA?

        What?到底该用哪一种?

        它们分别又有什么格式要求?

        APA style


        APA应该是同学们使用最广的reference方式。其格式要求主要为:

        要求同学们在开始进行段落开头写作前按一下Tab键以替代空格首行缩进;

        双倍行间距Double Space;

        字体要求Times New Roman;

        Intext citations格式:

        One author:

        …(Hawkins,2003).

        Hawkins(2003)reported that the results were inconclusive.

        OR In 1979,Conger conducted a study which showed that…

        Two authors:

        …(Bovey&Hede,2001)

        Reference list格式:

        1.book:

        Author surname,Author initial(s).(Year of publication).Title of book(edition number if not the 1st edition).Place of publication:Name of publisher.

        2.Journal article:

        Author family name,Author initial(s).(Year of publication).Title of the article.Title of the Journal,volume number(issue number),page numbers of the article.

        3.Web sites:

        Author/editor surname,Author/editor initial(s).(Year,month day of last update,or copyright year).Title of the page/document.Retrieved Month day,year,from URL
essay写作

        MLA 8th


        MLA(Modern Language Association)相信留学生们都很熟悉,为美国现代语言协会制定的Essay指导格式,在一般书写英语Essay时应当使用MLA格式来保证学术著作的完整。

        Intext citation:

        在MLA格式中,一般以intext citation代替脚注及尾注,格式为:

        author’s last name and a relevant page number;

        Eg:…it was the worst of times”(Dickens 5);

        wrote Charles Dickens of the eighteenth century(5)

        注意:如有一个以上的作者,用“and”而不是“&”链接~

        Eg:(Brown and Czerniewicz 2010)

        Reference list格式:

        1.book:

        Last name,First name.Title of Book.Publisher,Year of Publication.

        2.Journal article:

        Last name,First name.“Title of Article.”Title of Journal,volume,issue,year,page range of article.Database,URL.

        3.websites:

        Last name,First name.Name of site.Publisher or sponsor of site,date of publication(if available),URL.

        Chicago


        Intext citation:

        在Chicago格式中,就不是用intext citation了,需要在正文中加入连续的自然数标记脚注及尾注,其格式为:

        1.Book:

        Note Number.Author’s First and Last Names,Title of Book:Subtitle of Book(Place of Publication:Publisher’s Name,Date of Publication),page number(s).

        2.Journal article:

        Note Number.Author’s First and Last Names,“Article Title,”Title of Publication Vol no,issue no(Date of Publication):page number(s).

        3.Websites:

        Note Number.“Title of Webpage”Name of Website,Date modified/accessed,URL.

        Harvard


        Reference list:

        1.book:

        Eg:Brick,J 2009,Academic culture:a student’s guide to studying at university,National Centre for English Language Teaching and Research,Sydney.

        2.Journal article:

        Eg:Prentice,C 2010,‘Terms of ambivalence:cultural politics and symbolic exchange’,Australian Literary Studies,vol.25,no.4,pp.33-54.

        3.Websites:

        Fein,B 2011,‘The Patriot Act is at war with the constitution’,The American view:God,family,republic,viewed 8 November 2011,

        所有参考书目以作者姓名的字母顺序排列,一个作者有多本著作时,则按年份先后排列顺序。

        以上就是关于Essay的写作攻略分享,现在同学们该知道怎么写Essay了吧!对于Essay代写有需求的同学可以扫描右边的二维码联系我们的客服哦!