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Meeloun分享书信类论文的基本框架和必备句型

发表时间:2018-03-24

书信类论文的基本框架和必备句型

在国外留学的同学们接触过书信类论文么?大家首先需要知道的是一个更加基础的内容,就是书信的基本框架到底是什么?写信的时候,哪些句型表达是必备的。今天Meeloun小编就先把最基础的框架和常用句型为你收集在一起,希望帮助你最快速地了解题型和文章框架。

      ▍ 出题方式

      一个典型的小论文题目,都会有下面的 6 个内容
      ① You are working for a company.
      ② You need to take some time off work and want to ask your manager about this.
      ③ Write a letter to your manager. In your letter
      ④ explain why you want to take time off work
      ⑤ give details of the amount of time you need
      ⑥ suggest how your work could be covered while you are away
      1. 背景设定
      2. 概括性的总要求
      3. 写信对象
      4/ 5/ 6. 三个具体的细节要求

      虽然好像限定很多,但是,其实最核心的部分,通常是开放式的。比如上面的例题中,我们要写请假的一封信。之于我们为什么请假,完全由你自由发挥。

      可以是因为生病、因为要参加朋友婚礼、要出去玩、要回老家、要参加会议、要结婚、要去拿毕业证书、参加孩子的毕业典礼,等等。

      并且,完全不必是真实情况,你怎么好写怎么写,保证编出来的故事是合理的就好。

      ▍ 基本信件类型

      信件类型的分类,每个老师或许有些差别。我自己是分为三个大的类型:

      积极信:感谢/ 推荐/ 邀请
      消极信:抱怨/ 歉意/ 谢绝
      中立信:说明/ 建议/ 获取

      其中,老师经常布置的是最后一大类,相对比较情感中立的主题。

      ▍ 基本文章结构

      称谓
      引入语(直接表达写信目的)
      主体段1-3:回答问题1-3
      结尾
      结束语

      范文参考
      Dear Rose,

      I am writing to request some unpaidleave next month.

      My parents’ 50th wedding anniversary ison April 21st, and they are planning to celebrate this significant achievementwith all their children and grandchildren. To do this, they have rented a housebig enough to accommodate the whole family.

      To participate in this special occasion,I would need to be away from work for four days, from Monday 19th to Thursday23rd. My schedule for that week is relatively light, apart from two meetingswith clients. Helen would be able to attend these in my place, as she has hadprevious dealings with both companies and knows the relevant staff there. Ihave no other urgent work commitments at that time.

      I would be very grateful if you couldallow me this time. These few days are very important to my parents and thewhole family, and it would be a way to thank them for all the support they havegiven me.

      Best wishes,

      Steve

      ▍ 必备句式和基本表达

      称谓

      Dear Sir or Madam,  不知道是谁会看信时
      Dear Mr./ Ms./ Prof/ Dr (Surname), 知道是谁会看信时
      Dear (name), 熟人时

      引入语

      I am writing to you because/ to let you know that/ to advise you/ in reply to your recent letter in which you told mesth.
      I am anxious to obtain some information from you about …
      It is with regard that I write you advising you
      I regret to/ am sorry to inform your/ let you know that …
      As you are probably already aware that …

      中间段

      依次根据题目要求,回答三个问题,一般是每个问题各成一段。由于不同的问题,对于内容的要求不一样,在此没有通用句型提供给大家。以后的推送,会根据不同的问题角度,分开为大家提供素材。

      单个主题段的篇幅不需要完全一样,有些问题相对更好回答,则更长一些,有些简单问题,简单回答,1-2 句话,也是完全可以的。

      结尾段

      期待回复
      I look forward to your reply.
      I look forward to hearing from you in the future.
      Looking forward to your early reply and thanks for your great effort to deal with it.

      速回
      I hope to hear from you shortly.
      I await your reply in anticipation.
      I would be very grateful if you would attend to this matter as soon as possible.

      谢啦
      Thank you for your co-operation in this matter.

      有问题再联系
      Please do not hesitate to contact me if you have any queries about this matter.

      抱歉给您添麻烦了
      I’m sorry to have cause you any trouble and I hope that you will understand.

      结束语

      Yours sincerely,
      Yours faithfully,
      Best wishes,
      Best regards,

      总结一下,写好一篇好的书信,我们需要做到的三个最核心要素是:

      结构完整
      充分完成三个小要求
      内容、语气合理

      对于其他格式的论文来讲,我觉得书信格式的论文还是比较轻松,并且好操作的。当我们把所有的故事细节、具体描述都加进去,一篇长度适中,内容丰富,合情合理的小论文就搞定了。对此还有相关疑问的同学可以联系我们的客服哦!美伦现旗下写手超过400名,海龟硕博占据50%以上,更多写手资源正在火热招募中。美伦以质量为根本,诚信服务,严格执行双重审稿与检测,保证每一篇稿子都是精心原创并符合学科的需求,保障了留学生论文作业的通过率。