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essay写作进阶篇:副词的正确打开方式

发表时间:2018-03-18

上篇文章我们谈了副词的各种形式,今天Meeloun小编继续给大家分享在essay写作中如何正确使用副词,快来围观!

essay写作进阶篇:副词的正确打开方式


在标号的列表中用副词
Using Adverbs in a Numbered List

      在正常的行文中,给多于3个,4个的东西标号是一个"愚蠢的行为"。
      如果大于这个数,你就要用垂直的阿拉伯数字标号了。
      在表单中,不要使用副词形式(-ly结尾),用序数词如first,second等。
      First(首先)(not firstly) 副词修饰的部分不明确。
      Second(其次)(not secondly)没这个必要。
      Third(第三)(not thirdly) 多于 “其次”的数量词就开始听上去蠢蠢的了。像这些代表顺序的副词充当着分隔符的用处。
      Within the normal flow of text, it's nearly always a bad idea to number items beyond three or four, at the most. Anything beyond that, you're better off with a vertical list that uses numbers (1, 2, 3, etc.). Also, in such a list, don't use adverbs (with an -ly ending); use instead the uninflected ordinal number (first, second, third, fourth, fifth, etc.). First (not firstly), it's unclear what the adverb is modifying.Second (not secondly), it's unnecessary. Third (not thirdly), after you get beyond "secondly," it starts to sound silly. Adverbs that number in this manner are treated as disjuncts (see below.)


essay写作进阶篇:副词的正确打开方式


我们可以省略的副词
Adverbs We Can Do Without

      复习“简洁“单元,建议删除一些副词来增强行文的流畅性:诸如very, extremely, really这样的不实际增强任何实际意义和附加结构的增强词。

      Review the section on Being Concise for some advice on adverbs that we can eliminate to the benefit of our prose: intensifiers such as very, extremely, and really that don't intensify anything and expletive constructions ("There are several books that address this issue.")

副词的种类
Kinds of Adverbs

      Adverbs of Manner
      方式副词
      •    She moved slowly and spoke quietly.

      Adverbs of Place
      地点副词
      •    She has lived on the island all her life.
      •    She still lives there now.
 
      Adverbs of Frequency
      频率副词
      •    She takes the boat to the mainland every day.
      •    She oftengoes by herself.

      Adverbs of Time
      时间副词
      •    She tries to get back before dark.
      •    It's starting to get dark now.
      •    She finished her tea first.
      •    She left early.

      Adverbs of Purpose
      目的副词
      •    She drives her boat slowly to avoid hitting the rocks.
      •    She shops in several stores to get the best buys.

副词的位置
Positions of Adverbs

      One of the hallmarks of adverbs is their ability to move around in a sentence. Adverbs of manner are particularly flexible in this regard.
      副词的其中一个特点是他们能随意在句子中改变位置的能力。方式副词是其中特别灵活的副词种类。
      •    Solemnly the minister addressed her congregation.
      •    The minister solemnly addressed her congregation.
      •    The minister addressed her congregation solemnly.
      The following adverbs of frequency appear in various points in these sentences:
      以下的频率副词在句子中出现在不同的地方
      •    Before the main verb(在主动语之前): I never get up before nine o'clock.
      •    Between the auxiliary verb and the main verb(在助动词和主动词之间): I have rarely written to my brother without a good reason.
      •    Before the verb used to(在动词之前): I always used to see him at his summer home.

      Indefinite adverbs of time can appear either before the verb or between the auxiliary and the main verb:
      不定时间副词既可以出现在动词前也可以在助动词 和主动词之间
      •    He finally showed up for batting practice.
      •    She has recentlyretired.

副词的顺序
Order of Adverbs

      There is a basic order in which adverbs will appear when there is more than one. It is similar to The Royal Order of Adjectives, but it is even more flexible.
      当有多个副词的时候,有一个基本的排序方式。和形容词排序的黄金法则类似,但是更加的灵活。


essay写作进阶篇:副词的正确打开方式


更多关于副词的顺序
More Notes on Adverb Order

      基本的原则是不管内容是什么,短的副词短语放在长的副词短语之前。在下面这个句子中,一个时间副词放在了频率副词之前应为它更短,也更简单。
      • Dad takes a brisk walk before breakfast every day of his life.
      第二个原则是:在一些简单的副词短语中(方式副词,地点副词,频率副词等),越具体的放的越前面。
      • My grandmother was born in a sod house on the plains of northern Nebraska.
      • She promised to meet him for lunch next Tuesday.
      把一个修饰副词放在句子的最前面可以着重强调那个定语。这对方式副词最有效。
      • Slowly, ever so carefully, Jesse filled the coffee cup up to the brim, even above the brim.
      • Occasionally, but only occasionally, one of these lemons will get by the inspectors.

      As a general principle, shorter adverbial phrases precede longer adverbial phrases, regardless of content. In the following sentence, an adverb of time precedes an adverb of frequency because it is shorter (and simpler):
      • Dad takes a brisk walk before breakfast every day of his life.

      A second principle: among similar adverbial phrases of kind (manner, place, frequency, etc.), the more specific adverbial phrase comes first:
      • My grandmother was born in a sod house on the plains of northern Nebraska.
      • She promised to meet him for lunch next Tuesday.

      Bringing an adverbial modifier to the beginning of the sentence can place special emphasis on that modifier. This is particularly useful with adverbs of manner:
      • Slowly, ever so carefully, Jesse filled the coffee cup up to the brim, even above the brim.
      • Occasionally, but only occasionally, one of these lemons will get by the inspectors

不适当的副词顺序
Inappropriate Adverb Order

      复习“放错位置的定语”章节来巩固副词位置的概念。修饰词如果附在他们本不应该修饰的词就会混淆句意
      •    They reported that Giuseppe Balle, a European rock star, had died on the six o'clock news.
      诚然,如果把划线部分移到前面,紧跟“they reported”或是句首就能避免歧义,不让句子听上去像是这男人在新闻节目中死去

      非常简单的修饰词有时也会放错位置,就像是仅仅和几乎:
      •    She only grew to be four feet tall.
      改成“She grew to be only four feet tall.”会更好。

      Review the section on Misplaced Modifiers for some additional ideas on placement. Modifiers can sometimes attach themselves to and thus modify words that they ought not to modify.
      •    They reported that Giuseppe Balle, a European rock star, had died on the six o'clock news.

      Clearly, it would be better to move the underlined modifier to a position immediately after "they reported" or even to the beginning of the sentence — so the poor man doesn't die on television.

      Misplacement can also occur with very simple modifiers, such as only and barely:
      •    She only grew to be four feet tall.
      It would be better if "She grew to be only four feet tall."

      Meeloun小编相信很多同学看完之后一定会恍然大悟,对于副词的理解更加深刻了!以后在essay写作中运用起来是不是也更得心应手呢?需要essay代写的同学可以联系我们的客服哦!美伦现旗下写手超过400名,海龟硕博占据50%以上,更多写手资源正在火热招募中。美伦以质量为根本,诚信服务,严格执行双重审稿与检测,保证每一篇稿子都是精心原创并符合学科的需求,保障了留学生论文作业的通过率。