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essay写作中副词的各种形式你了解吗?

发表时间:2018-03-17

essay写作中副词的各种形式你了解吗?

很多留学生在essay写作中对于语法的运用还略显生疏,今天Meeloun小编就给同学们分享在essay写作中副词的各种形式,相信这些对你的论文会有所帮助!

      修饰
      副词是修饰
      动词(He drove slowly. — 他怎么开车的?)
      形容词(He drove a very fast car. 他开的有多快?)
      另一个副(He moved quite slowly down the aisle. 她动的有多慢?)
      Adverbs are words that modify
      a verb (He drove slowly. — How did he drive?)
      an adjective (He drove a very fast car. — How fast was his car?)
      another adverb (She moved quite slowly down the aisle. — How slowly did she move?)

      形容
      如上所述,副词经常用来形容时间,地点,原因,或在什么情况下一些事发生了。副词通常用-ly结尾;然而许多不以-ly结尾的单词或短语用充当着副词的作用而一些以-ly结尾的词也不一定是副词。就像:lovely, lonely, motherly, friendly, neighborly,就是形容词。
      That lovely woman lives in a friendly neighborhood.
      As we will see, adverbs often tell when, where, why, or under what conditions something happens or happened. 
      Adverbs frequently end in -ly; however, many words and phrases not ending in -ly serve an adverbial function and an -ly ending is not a guarantee that a word is an adverb. 
      The words lovely, lonely, motherly, friendly, neighborly, for instance, are adjectives.
      状语从句
      •When this class is over, we're going to the movies.
      If a group of words containing a subject and verb acts as an adverb (modifying the verb of a sentence), it is called an Adverb Clause:
      When this class is over, we're going to the movies.

      短语
      如果一个不包含主语和谓语的短语充当着副词的作用,它被称作副词短语
      • He went to the movies.
      • She works on holiday.
      • They lived in Canada during the war.
      另外,动词不定式也能充当副词(经常解释原因):
      •    She hurried to the mainland to see her brother.
      •    The senator ran to catch the bus. 
      但也有其他种类的副词短语
      • He calls his mother as often as possible.
      And Infinitive phrases can act as adverbs (usually telling why):
      •    She hurried to the mainland to see her brother.
      •    The senator ran to catch the bus.

      But there are other kinds of adverbial phrases:
      •    He calls his mother as often as possible.

      修饰
      副词可以修饰形容词,但是形容词不能修饰副词。所以我们会用“The student showed a really wonderful attitude.”
      或 “the students showed a wonderfully casual attitude” 
      或 my professor is really tall, but not "He ran real fast.” 
      和形容词一样,副词也有比较级和最高级来形容程度
      •    Walk faster if you want to keep up with me.
      •    The student who reads fastest will finish first.

      Adverbs can modify adjectives, but an adjective cannot modify an adverb. Thus we would say that "the students showed a really wonderful attitude" and that "the students showed a wonderfully casual attitude" and that "my professor is really tall, but not "He ran real fast."
      Like adjectives, adverbs can have comparative and superlative forms to show degree.
      Walk faster if you want to keep up with me.
      The student who reads fastest will finish first.

      程度
      我们常用more,most,less和least来表示副词的程度
      •   With sneakers on, she could move more quickly among the patients.
      •   The flowers were the most beautifully arranged creations I've ever seen.
      •    She worked less confidently after her accident.
      •    That was the least skillfully done performance I've seen in years.

      as—as的结构可以用来创作用来表示相同程度的副词:“He can’t run as fast as his sister.”

      We often use more and most, less and least to show degree with adverbs:
      •   With sneakers on, she could move more quickly among the patients.
      •  The flowers were the most beautifully arranged creations I've ever seen.
      •  She worked less confidently after her accident.
      That was the least skillfully done performance I've seen in years.

      The as — as construction can be used to create adverbs that express sameness or equality: "He can't run as fast as his sister."

      形式
      有一些副词有两种形式,一种以-ly结尾,另一种不是,在一些情况里,两种形式有着不一样的意思。
      •    He arrived late.
      •   Lately, he couldn't seem to be on time for anything.
 
      然而在大多数情况下,一般用没有-ly结尾的形式
      •   She certainly drives slow in that old Buick of hers.
      •   He did wrong by her.
      •   He spoke sharp, quick, and to the point.
      A handful of adverbs have two forms, one that ends in -ly and one that doesn't. In certain cases, the two forms have different meanings:
      •  He arrived late.
      •  Lately, he couldn't seem to be on time for anything.
      In most cases, however, the form without the -ly ending should be reserved for casual situations:
      •  She certainly drives slow in that old Buick of hers.
      •  He did wrong by her.
      •  He spoke sharp, quick, and to the point.
      副词经常被用作增强器,用以一种更强或更弱的表达。
       
      增强器有三种功能:可以强调,扩大,或减弱。例子如下:
      强调:
      • I really don't believe him.
      • He literally wrecked his mother's car.
      • She simply ignored me.
      • They're going to be late, for sure.
      扩大:
      • The teacher completely rejected her proposal.
      • I absolutely refuse to attend any more faculty meetings.
      • They heartily endorsed the new restaurant.
      • I so wanted to go with them.
      • We know this city well.
      减弱:
      • I kind of like this college.
      • Joe sort of felt betrayed by his sister.
      • His mother mildly disapproved his actions.
      • We can improve on this to some extent.
      • The boss almost quit after that.
      • The school was all but ruined by the storm.

      伴随
      副词(形容词也是)在不同的程度可以伴随有前置定语
      •    She runs very fast.
      •    We're going to run out of material all the faster.
      Adverbs (as well as adjectives) in their various degrees can be accompanied by premodifiers:
      •    She runs very fast.
      •    We're going to run out of material all the faster

essay写作中副词的各种形式你了解吗?
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