MIT Sloan MBA Essay Example
The following MBA admission essay was submitted to the Wharton business school by Aringo's client. The client was admitted to the program. Several names and details in this essay sample were changed to protect client privacy.
The application essay question / topic:
Question: Please describe a time when you coached, trained, or mentored a person or group.
I had been Bar Manger in the Green Villa for two years, where I was managing bar responsibilities in events of up to 400 people, when I decided to leave in order to manage my grandfather's business. I had been in charge of recruiting, training and managing the over 10 bartending employees as well as pricing and managing $10,000 worth of inventory.
When I handed my resignation to the manager, I assured him that I would not only find my replacement, but properly train him/her no matter how long it took.
Emotionally attached to the place and the people, I was very passionate about the bar and its development. I considered it my personal mission to find someone who would be the best for the job. I began by reviewing my 5-person staff to determine if anyone 'in-house' was qualified to take over; otherwise, I would have had to explore the option of hiring someone. I much preferred promoting from within, despite the lack in management experience. I believed the high level of commitment of my employees, as well as their excellent relationships with the rest of the Green Villa staff, was crucial.
I knew that I had a rough diamond among my staff, Dan. Extremely efficient and professional, Dan possessed excellent customer relations skills and got along well with his fellow employees. In spite of all these elements there was a big problem – his maturity. I knew I had a huge task ahead of me: guiding Dan through the transition from an employee mind-set of a manager. I knew that given the right guidance, Dan was the best candidate to replace me. I was eager to help him become the professional manager that the Green Villa deserved.
I related my decision to the company manager and he agreed that Dan was the right person for the job. When I offered Dan the position, he was very delighted and accepted on the spot.
I began by taking him through the logistic responsibilities. To ensure that Dan approached each task with the necessary attention, I stressed the importance of each responsibility for ensuring Customer satisfaction. Within 2 weeks I encouraged Dan to assume logistic responsibilities while I monitored. Believing dialog is a crucial tool for guidance, when the occasional mistake occurred I would point it out and discuss with him the logic behind the appropriate decision-making process. I saw that Dan responded well to this kind of feedback, as his organizational capabilities strengthened and his confidence grew.
The most delicate aspect of this training period was managing the transition of Dan's status in relation to the staff. This was crucial to both shift assignments and actual work behind the bar. I stressed to Dan the considerations that must guide him when filling all shifts: as the manager, he is responsible for ensuring a balance between creating a strong team and considering employees' availability, abilities and needs.
I emphasized the importance of personal example, responsibility and welcoming feedback from the staff. Through an exercise where we conceptualized the ideal employee, we highlighted traits Dan must aspire to demonstrate through his work as manager.
After 2 months, I knew Dan was ready. I gave him control over all responsibilities, under my supervision. Of the opinion that mistakes are an indispensible part of learning, I would only intervene on rare occasions. I would offer my feedback after events and we would review what had happened. I first challenged him to analyze the event through his eyes. Then I suggested alternatives and pointed out several things he had missed, discussing the implications both on the event and the long-term work.
After 3 months, the time came for my final goodbye. I made it clear to Dan that I would always be available. I knew the bar was in good hands: Dan had effectively transformed from team-mate to professional manager. He earned the trust of his employees, providing constructive criticism and positive feedback when needed, while being attentive to their needs. A month later, when I stopped by, the HR told me that I had made the right choice, and that Dan was proving himself to be quite an effective manager, confident and full of initiative. When Dan called me 2 months later, thanking me for pushing him forward and guiding him, I felt great personal satisfaction.
Why would you like to attend Brandeis? (250)
It's like the wonderland of mine, I am not Alice, and the wonderland is not the underground world. However, life is always the fantastic adventures which filled with surprises and chances, and I am sure that Brandeis University would be the wonderland of mine which could help me to experience more and improve myself to be a better person.
I want to be a person who can help other people and contribute to the society, then I should have enough capabilities first and Brandeis attracts me. I'd like to study psychology and Brandeis offers students best education, researches opportunities and full support.
In Brandeis, psychology majors study varied aspects of both basic and applied areas of the field and focus on basic scientific research for undergraduate involvement. Brandeis offers a wide range of opportunities to participate in research, and I am looking forward to join in the researches with excellent professors there to write papers for publication in professional journals and books. What's more, there are undergraduate departmental representatives (UDR) there who can help every student individually to students' problems and suggestions to the faculty.
There would be thousands of words to describe my passion for the Brandeis students' life, organizations, clubs, athletics, community involvements, etc. However, there is also another reason why I eager to live in Brandeis besides of those outstanding academic advantages and campus diversities, I have a friend who joined in the college fair and shared with me her impressions for the school officer, harmonious, friendship, charming and attractive, I also wish to meet the wonderful friends there.
essay在开头部分写道：生活是一场冒险总是充满惊奇和机会，一句话概括了作者对生活的理解，同时也反映了作者热爱生活的一面。接着把布兰迪斯比作爱丽丝历险记的 wonderland, 太有创意了。
assignment在我们以前学习英语的时候，只知道它是作业的意思。而随着我们的长大，甚至出国留了学，却发现我们不会写assignment了，为 什么？在欧美，一些大学的assignment其实有两种，一种是报告形式，另一种则是文章、短文的形式。它们需要各专业的专业性知识，用这两种形式来完 成导师布置的相关任务。那么从国内去海外留学的留学生们怎么去适应欧美的这些assignment呢？本站可为您提供专业的指导服务，接下来先让我们来参 详一下某海外assignment要求，供大家参考。
Written Assignment and Guidelines for Submission
Discuss the effects of ageing under each of the following headings:
A hard copy of the 1000 to 1250 word assignment is due no later than 17:00 hours on Friday 15th April (end of week 7).
Late submissions will not be accepted unless an Assignment Extension has been granted by the Course Coordinator Dr Tony Bush.
Extension forms are available from the School of Health Sciences office on Level 4 of Building 201 (for Bundoora students) or from the School website on the RMIT internet. Students must follow School policy when applying for an extension; and must not assume that it will be granted automatically.
Guidelines for submission
These guidelines are intended to assist students in formulating a comprehensive and appropriate response to the question. The purpose of this assignment is for students to gain an understanding of the biological, behavioural and psychosocial changes that occur with ageing. Throughout this process students can apply knowledge gained though lecture material.
Students must use these guidelines to format their assignment. This requires the student to write a brief introduction which should include introducing the topic, and stating what their intentions are in their response to the question.
A conclusion is also required, in which the student is required to summarise the major points covered in their submission.
The use of headings is mandatory to provide clearly structured signposts for both the student and the examiner. Adherence to the marking guide will ensure that students present their submission in a professional and academic style.
Students are not to submit additional information as an Appendix. Headings related to specific content should be used to organise your information, and table of contents must be included.
An overall word limit of 1000-1250 words is required for this assessment. Students are not to go over the word limit by more than 250 words. If students are under the minimum word limit, it may mean that they have not answered the question in enough detail.
References & Referencing:
Students are to show evidence of research into the topic; in addition to the required textbook for this course. A minimum number of three (3) references used must be relevant to the topics, and must be contemporary (not older than 5 years generally) and relevant to the context of Ageing. The types of references used should include the textbook & journal articles (minimum of 2).Students should research the topic through the RMIT Library databases and e-journals.
Students must reference all information from other sources, using appropriate intext referencing according to the American Psychological Association (APA) style of referencing. This includes intext referencing, and page numbers for direct and indirect quotes. Students must also include a reference list at the end of their assignment written exercise, formatted according to APA referencing style. Students can access information on formatting according to APA through the RMIT Library webpage (under the subject guide – Nursing –referencing – APA), on the Study and Learning Centre webpage or the Style Guide: Strategies for Effective Academic Writing on the DLS. . Students are advised to maintain an ongoing list of all references used during the writing of assignment; including details of web addresses, dates that sites were accessed, page numbers, etc.; to help them collate their final list.
Spelling, Grammar & Presentation:
Students must ensure that their spelling and grammar, including punctuation, meets academic standards. Spell checks on the computer are useful; but students need to also do a final read-through of their submission to check for errors. It is expected that students will also use professional language and terminology. This should include using and defining medical terms, in keeping with the expectations of registered nurses within the health care setting. The use of abbreviations should be limited to those commonly used, and should be written in full the first time used in the submission. Students are not to use their own shorthand or SMS type. The font used should be a clear typeface, and size 12. Normal size margins apply and double spacing, with students ensuring pages are numbered clearly.
Students are to submit only a hard copy of their Assignment by or on the due date, following the instructions on the course DLS. Electronic submission may be asked for, when incidence of plagiarism is suspected so the assignment can be put through Turnitin©. Assignments are not to be emailed to the Course Coordinator. Students are also reminded to retain a hard and/or electronic copy of their submission; until after the final course marks have been collated, finalised and released to students.
The assignment will be available for collection from the course coordinator after the official release of results.
England from 1984 started to develop computer-based interlocking system, at present, as the core railway transportation safety control system, replacing the original 6502 Electric, but with the large-scale development of computer interlocking system also exposed more and more problem. Since many computer-based interlocking system retains nearly 30% of the relay circuit, complex structure, large area, multi-wire, solder joints, this causes high failure rate, anti-interference ability is weak, while interlocking software out of the intellectual property protection considerations, is completely closed, for interlocking software correctness, security, not in-depth control. Software testing is only limited to functional testing, black box testing, the test can not be exhaustive range of functions.
The development of a computer-based interlocking requirements and development
1.1 Computer Interlocking development requirements
To ensure that rail transport leaps and bounds, give full play to the railway signal factories, engineering units, specialized construction units, electrical service maintenance units role in ensuring the basic security conditions, based on the computer-based interlocking system allows multi-level units become widely participate to achieve an open interlock devices. Computer interlocking system of the ideal state is: ① complete factory production; ② completely standardized design; ③ most simplified construction site; ④ most simplified acceptance mode; ⑤ most simplified maintenance approach; ⑥ most simplified maintenance tools; ⑦ easiest secondary development that free secondary development; ⑧ complete device parameter monitoring function; ⑨ meet the railway traffic automation interface functions.
1.2 Computer Interlocking direction of development
1.2.1 Take two squares two systems
UK's current computer interlocking system are: hot standby, two out of three and two by two to take two systems. Hot Standby system problem exists Dual switch, switch failure would have serious consequences for the risk; shielded redundant technology to take two of the three systems, although the possibility of dangerous output is extremely small, but there can not be downtime problems; therefore This year the main technological transformation and new railway lines have given priority to take two squares two systems, two by two computer interlocking system is also taking future trends.
1.2.2 Fully electronic
As manufacturing technology continues to improve, the electronic unit to get the vigorous development of electronic unit with a small, powerful features; facilitate networking, remote management and remote diagnostics. Thus, with the Ministry of Science and continues to progress, to get rid of the relay, using fully electronic computer interlocking will be a trend.
For ease of use and maintenance of computer interlocking should move towards modular, functional direction to achieve the module line replacement, saving the system maintenance time.
2 full electronic modular computer interlocking system features and functions
2.1 Fully electronic interlocking modular computer system with the characteristics
2.1.1 hardware configuration
Fully electronic interlocking modular computer system using industrial control technology, the abolition of all 6502 relay module is in direct control of the outdoor unit switch machines, signals machines, track circuits, in a clear, comprehensive fault diagnosis and fault indication and all modules support hot-swappable capabilities, cabinet wiring with plug-in cable directly correspond noseplate will minimize the amount of construction, the use of direct replacement module, the first maintenance after analyzing ways to achieve "fool" the construction and maintenance.
2.1.2 Software constitutes
Interlocking Software should break the current computer interlocking system interlock seclusion other barriers to achieve an open source code level, and its "messaging" and "module assembled" interlocking ideas and original 6502 15 network cable and Puzzles designed in a way similar to the implementation of modular, trained technical personnel should be able to cope with any new station interlocking software design and debugging, testing to ensure early detection can minimize and resolve software in a variety of potential security risks, computer-aided design system refers to the user input station plan and set the necessary parameters, you can automatically generate interlock programs and data to minimize human error.
2.2 Full computer interlocking system should have the function
2.2.1 achieve the basic functions and special interlock interlock function
Achieve progress on the road turnout, signal and track circuit interlock properly to ensure correct and train running into the road safety, to meet all of the interlock function 6502, the main features include: ① handle all stations train route, shunting into the road and roundabout approach. Equipment failure can be handled in the boot and boot into the path of total lockdown. ② The end is always handled two ways. Shunting into the road at once handled by a few basic approach consisting grow way, can also be handled by one segment. ③ signals belonging to the hostile approach, can not open. Only checked into the path of all track sections idle, all the relevant switch position is correct and has been locked in position, according to investigate and correct the hostile relations, the signal to open. ④ having a signal normally closed function, special off function to prevent automatic repeat function open signals and artificial repeat open feature. ⑤ with approach automatically unlock, halfway back to unlock, unlock cancellation approach, labor and trouble unlocking unlock approach into the road. ⑥ having separate operation functions turnout.
According to the special requirements of stations to achieve special interlocking relationships, such as: single hook slide release function, stock Road middle Chucha feature non shunting into the road, continuing into the road, local control station or turnouts and clinical linkages interval occlusion.
2.2.2 The flexible system configuration function
Fully electronic interlocking modular computer system using three-layer structure, the upper PC, Could it be an opportunity, then layer; upper layer via a communication network and the second interlocking machine communication; third layer is 10 module execution units.
According selection of different composition interlocking machine can achieve hot standby interlock fault tolerant computer or three takes two interlocking squares two computers or take two interlocking computer systems.
2.2.3 Monitoring Function
System without adding any other device, to achieve the indoor and outdoor equipment, the basic parameters and status monitoring.
2.2.4 History graphic reproduction function
System has a complete record function, can store a year's information, which includes: driving job handling information, station graphics (signals, turnouts, track sections and other field device status) information, reflecting the system runs a variety of data . Adjustable recording system for any period of time all the data for playback to reproduce the real situation of the system at that time, as the cause of the accident analysis provide a convenient tool.
2.2.5 improve self-diagnostic function
System through the readback, software and other technology to achieve the dual coding failure to board-level self-diagnosis.
2.2.6 maintenance and remote diagnostics
System capable of recording all operations and signaling equipment status; monitoring and reporting system failures; easily query a variety of information stored in the memory; storage and print records; through the network system failure can notify to the remote maintenance department, the maintenance department may need to dispatch technicians to repair the corresponding remote diagnostics.
2.2.7 Implementation and other information systems binding function
The system has the oversight and scheduling, dispatching centralized systems such as communication. To achieve information sharing between stations.
2.2.8 weakening function with fault
System interlocking machine either hot standby, take two or three squares two take two, the input and output layer IO modules are used within "two to take two" to protect the "fail safe backward", that is, each module has two sets of circuits. Interlocking system of partial failure does not affect the safe operation of equipment in the case of systems with fault weakening function.
Full computer control of railway signal interlocking system is a new generation of interlock devices, systems to computer control technology as the core, power electronic switching technology based on the use of electronic means, the use of computer communications, automatic detection and other advanced technologies, to achieve full electronic control computer of the railway signal interlocking equipment, small, powerful, easy networking, for railway automation, information technology to provide basic information, remote management and remote diagnostics, railway signaling professional development.
The Halderman Company: Success in the Changing Global Soybean System
This report provides an analysis of the reason for the success of the Halderman companies in the soybean industry in the U.S., and the competitive advantages of this company comparing to competitors from countries like Brazil and Argentina. In addition, some suggestions is given to the CEO of the Hadlerman companies in terms of managing future growth and the firm’s international strategy.
This report finds that the reason for the success of the Halderman companies in American soybeans industry can be mainly attributed to three factors: Steady increase of soybean demand, technological and financial power, and innovation. In addition, when comparing to oversea competitors, the Halderman companies also have competitive advantages in areas such as: Factor condition (technological power), supporting industry (financial power), demand condition (increasing demand of soybeans world-wide till 2030), and government (agriculture support program). The former three are sustainable competitive advantages whereas the last one is not sustainable.
The report also provides suggestions to the CEO of the Halderman companies with regard to managing future growth in the soybeans market and being a strong international company: To continue to maintain the technological and financial power over other competitors, establish cooperation with oversea competitors, and enter market in other developing countries.
1.The Halderman Company: Success in the Soybean System in the America
In the early twenty-first (21st) century (around 2002 ~ 2003), the global soybean market has witnessed a dramatic increase. As can be seen in Figure 1, in the U.S market, there is an increase up to 42% in soybean production from the early twentieth (20th) century (around 1990/1991) to the early twenty-first (21st) century (around 2002/2003). Moreover, due to increase of demand from developing countries like India and China, it is expected that the growth of soybean industry will last till the year 2030 [Ray & Kevin, 2003].
Figure 1 Soybean Production in Selected Countries, 1990-1991, 1996-1997, and 2002-2003 (Unit: Millions of bushels) [Ray & Kevin, 2003]
Among those world-leading soybean producers, the Halderman companies: Halderman Farm Management Services, Inc. (HFMS), and Halderman Real Estate Services, Inc (HRES), are very successful players in the U.S market. According to the company’s history, the Halderman company has grown to 40 full- and part-time staff members managing more than 650 farms, selling and acquiring over 150 properties and performing over 400 appraisals annually [Company history, 2012]. The reason for the Halderman companies’s success in the U.S soybean industry, at a time when the industry and the agriculture business sector have been characterized for the dominance of one of the "big sister"(Cargill, Bunge, Louis Dreyfuss, ADM) downstream and have been highly fragmented and heterogeneous upstream, can be largely attributed to the following three factors:
a.Steady increase of soybean demand
Besides demand from America itself and other developed countries, rising living standard in developing countries such as India, China and other Southeast Asian countries has lead to a dramatic increase in the demand of soybean and related products as consumers in those countries increase the share of protein in their diets [Ray & Kevin, 2003]. In addition, new usage of soybean in areas like biofuels, industry oil, and even automobile parts have also imposed increasing demand of soybean. As a result of the booming demand of soybean around the world, American soybean industry has witnessed a demand of soybean both for domestic and oversea market, and the Halderman companies, as a major player in the U.S soybean industry, have benefited significantly in this period.
b.Technological and financial power
Technological and financial power is another important reason for the Halderman companies’ success in the soybean industry. Wide use of high-tech machinery and latest farming technologies have help the Halderman companies to reduce their production costs for soybeans. As shown in Figure 2, the total farm production cost for soybeans in the U.S is just 25% and 40% higher than that in Brazil and Argentina considering the higher land value and workers’ salary in the U.S comparing to that in Brazil and Argentina.
Moreover, the financial power is another critical factor that helps the Halderman companies to be successful. Easy access to capital and professional financial has helped famers and farms to exploit new market opportunities and expand their business.
Different from competitors from Brazil and Argentina, besides traditional farm management business, the Halderman companies are also very innovative to exploit new filed and create more value. For example, two different companies have been established: The Halderman Farm Management Service, Inc. (HFMS) and The Halderman Real Estate Service, Inc. (HRES). Through these two companies, the Halderman companies can provide both professional farm management service and real estate management service to customers. For example, HFMS provided professional farm management services to more than 650 farms with a total market value of more than $460 million. And HRES worked with farm owners to determine appropriate type of lease arrangement, and HRES even offered approximately 100 different lease types [Ray & Kevin, 2003]. All those innovations have helped the Halderman companies to be successful in the soybean industry.
Despite the success in soybeans industry in America, the Halderman companies also need to pay great attention to competitors in the South: companies from Brazil (e.g., Grupo Maggi) and Argentina (e.g., El Tejar, S.A.). Therefore, the Halderman companies need to think about its distinctive core competencies and comparative advantages comparing to its Brazilian and Argentinean competitors. In the following section, we will discuss the competitive advantages of the Halderman companies.
2.Competitive advantage of The Halderman Company
In order to compete with soybean producers from countries like Brazil and Argentina which enjoy low human resources expense and economies of scale, it is critical for the Halderman company to find out its competitive advantage. In the following, we will discuss the competitive advantages of the Halderman company based on the determinants as proposed in Figure 2.
Figure 2 Determinants of Competitive Advantages in Nations
The Halderman Companies’ Competitive advantage 1: Factor Conditions
Technological power is definitely a competitive advantage of the Halderman companies. Though new technologies are being used in developing countries like Brazil and Argentina, there is still a long way to go for them to catch up with U.S companies. For example, Alvardo, CEO of Argentinean soybeans producer, once hoped to add real-time satellite monitoring of filed conditions. Even such technology was already feasible, Argentina’s poor exchange rate meant it was not yet affordable [Ray & Kevin, 2003]. So technological power is a sustainable competitive advantage of the Halderman companies.
The Halderman Companies’ Competitive advantage 2: Related and Supporting Industries
Highly developed financial market, as an important supporting industry to the soybeans industry, is another competitive advantage of the Halderman companies. As discussed above, this is a sustainable competitive advantage of the Halderman companies.
The Halderman Companies’ Competitive advantage 3: Demand Conditions
As shown in Table 1, the demand for soybean is expected to grow steadily till 2030 both in U.S domestic and oversea markets. Therefore, this is a sustainable competitive advantage of the Halderman companies, at least till year 2030.
Table 1 World-wide Soybean Production and Demand Projections in 2030 (‘000 metric tons)
The Halderman Companies’ Competitive advantage 4: Government
U.S. government support and subsidy for agriculture, including soybeans industry is also an external competitive advantage of the Halderman companies, though not sustainable. In U.S., government agriculture programs have evolved into multi-million-dollar systems of agricultural support. Comparing with companies from Brazil and Argentina that enjoy little or no government subsidies, this seems to be a competitive advantage for the Halderman companies. However, this competitive advantage is not sustainable because: First, U.S. is actually under heavy pressure to trim this multi-million-dollor farm support in WTO multilateral trade negotiation; Second, heavy subsidies actually hurt U.S. agriculture industry by lowering the comparative advantage of U.S farmers.
In words, the competitive advantages of the Halderman companies mainly lie in four areas: Factor condition (technological power), supporting industry (financial power), demand condition (increasing demand of soybeans world-wide till 2030), and government (agriculture support program). The former three are sustainable competitive advantages whereas the last one is not sustainable.
3.To be a strong International Player
Apparently, the trend for soybeans industry, and also agriculture industry as a whole, is going to be a global market. Therefore, following are my suggestions to the CEO of the Hadlerman companies in terms of managing future growth and the firm’s international strategy:
a.Continue to maintain the technological and financial power over other competitors;
b.Establish cooperation with oversea competitors
For example, HFMS can be a professional farm management service provider to soybean producers in Brazil and Argentina. Rather than competing directly in soybean market, the Halderman company can do business with other oversea competitors to generate more business values.
c.Enter market in other developing countries
As illustrated in Table 1, demand of soybeans in developing countries in Asia like China and India are strong through 2030, so it is wise for the Halderman companies to have a strong presence in those emerging markets.
At a time when the industry and the agriculture business sector have been characterized for the dominance of one of the "big sister"(Cargill, Bunge, Louis Dreyfuss, ADM) downstream and have been highly fragmented and heterogeneous upstream, the Halderman companies has achieved great success in U.S. soybeans industry in the early twenty-first (21st) century. The reason for the Halderman companies’ success in the U.S soybeans market can be largely attributed to factors including: Steady increase of soybean demand, technological and financial power, and innovation. In addition, when comparing to oversea competitors, the Hadlerman companies also have competitive advantages in areas such as: Factor condition (technological power), supporting industry (financial power), demand condition (increasing demand of soybeans world-wide till 2030), and government (agriculture support program). The former three are sustainable competitive advantages whereas the last one is not sustainable.
Looking forward, in order to manage future growth in the soybeans market and be an strong international company, my suggestions to CEO of the Halderman companies are: to continue to maintain the technological and financial power over other competitors, establish cooperation with oversea competitors, and enter market in other developing countries.
Ray A. Goldberg, Kevin Allison. (2003). The Global Farmer and the Future of Soybean Production, Harvard Business School Case Study 9-904-402, Oct.2003
The Halderman Real Estate and Farm Management Inc., Company history, retrieved fromhttp://www.halderman.com/about-us/history.php, last retrieved on Apr. 9th, 2012